You may feel really nervous about dark spots and lines, which appear sometimes in your vision and move away, when you try to look directly at them.
Don't worry, you didn't go out of your mind.
Cobwebs, rings, wiggly lines and shadowy spots, which shift when you move your eyes, are called floaters. Actually, they're not completely connected with eye movements, and can float even when your eyes stay fixed.
What are these floaters and where are they come from?
First of all, you need to understand, how does your vision works.
Each of your eyes contains the cornea and lens at the front area. These elements focus light on the retina, situated at the back part of the eyes. When a light beam makes a way from the front section of your eye to its back, it goes through the jelly-like matter called vitreous humor.
Now let’s lift the veil of floater's mystery. Here are some facts, you should be informed about:
#1. Floaters are natural part of the aging process. They occur, when your vitreous begin to shrink gradually. As this gel-like substance thickens, protein fibers tend to clump together, forming deposits. Sometimes they can drift into the path of light, directed on your retina, causing development of visible shadows and spots.
#2. Floaters are especially noticeable, when looking at the bright plain surface (like a sheet of paper or a blue sky).
#3. Floaters can affect one or both of your eyes. They can also sink at the bottom of your eye and become less annoying.
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#4. Specialists say that people with advanced nearsightedness, diabetes and those, who experienced cataract surgery, are more likely to have eye floaters.
#5. Even though most of floaters are not life-threatening, they can sometimes indicate certain serious health problems such as vitreous bleeding, detached retina, inflammation in the back part of the eye and even tumor.
#6. You need to seek for professional help immediately, if your floaters have changed their size and shape, or if new floaters appeared. Other warning symptoms include seeing light flashes, losing side vision and experiencing eye pain.
#7. In the majority of cases floaters don't demand any treatment. Occasionally they may significantly impair your vision or become numerous, requiring laser treatment or surgical intervention (vitrectomy).
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