Our body has wide variety of mechanisms to overcome harmful influence of environmental factors.

We don't die from blood loss after cutting a finger, owing to formation of blood clots.

When a vessel get damaged, your body accumulates sticky blood cells in the injured area. This clot prevents blood leakage and stops bleeding. With time thrombus (medical term for blood clot) tends to resolve by its own.

It would all be fine, if these blood clots were not created sometimes in the vessels' lumen without any need.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

This occurs, when body systems lose the normal balance. In this case clots can appear in any body area, blocking the blood flow.

If the problem happens in the veins, it causes inflammation (thrombophlebitis). This disorder can affect both superficial and deep veins of the body. Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a potentially life-threatening condition, as clots may tear off the vein wall and race to the pulmonary vessels, causing pulmonary embolism.

In the majority of cases DVT develops in the veins of the legs.

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Sometimes blood clots are formed in the arteries. It mainly occurs, when fatty plaques (you’ve probably heard about atherosclerosis, haven’t you?) ruptures, and thrombi run to the damaged area and adhere to it. As a result, blood clots narrow artery's lumen and reduce delivery of the oxygenated blood to certain parts of the body.

Credit: Pixabay

Credit: Pixabay

Everybody can get blood clots. However it was found that being overweight or obese, staying immobile for extended period of time, smoking and taking hormone-contained medications (birth control pills, hormone replacement drugs) can dramatically boost your risks of this trouble.

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Knowing warning signs of the blood clots can help you avoid dramatic consequences. Check up these symptoms of this disorder:

#1. Swelling in the leg – you may notice firm swelling in one (rarely – in both) lower limbs, if having clotting problem.

#2. Aching – it's one of the most common DVT symptoms. Pain and tenderness in the affected extremity may become worse, when flexing the foot or walking.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

#3. Discoloration – blood clots can make your leg reddish or blue and cause itchiness.

#4. Chest pain – angina usually begins in the chest and irradiates in the jaw, left shoulder and blade. Physical activity aggravates this symptom because in this case your body requires more oxygen than in rest.

#5. Shortness of breath – people with blood clots in the lungs or heart often complain of difficulty breathing and lack of the air.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

#6. Sudden cough – be aware that cough may be not only a symptom of the common cold or bronchitis. Pulmonary embolism can be responsible for your abruptly-appeared cough.

#7. Abdominal pain – soreness and discomfort in the belly can indicate numerous health issues, including blood clots.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

#8. Speech or vision problems – if one of the arteries, which supply the brain with oxygen, becomes blocked, your speech can be changed, or you may experience blurred vision. Actually symptoms depend on the location of affected area and on the size of damaged vessel.

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The BetterMe Team wants you and those close to you to live a healthy, happy life! Your health is a valuable thing; look after your body and your mind so that you can live your life to the fullest – Remember you only get one!

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