Skin cancer was recognized as the most frequent type of malignancy in our modern society.
It occurs, when abnormal cells begin to grow and multiply out of control, crowding out normal skin elements.
By the way, did you know that your skin consists of three layers called the epidermis, dermis and subcutis?
The epidermis contains squamous cells (superficial sheath), basal cells (those that form new skin cells) and melanocytes (pigmented cells).
Cancer can affect any of these cells. However it was found that basal cell carcinoma occurs more often than other skin neoplasms.
Melanoma develops from the pigment-contained cells. Though it's not such a common condition, melanoma was recognized as the most dangerous type of skin cancer, as it tends to grow fast and spread to other body areas.
Nobody knows exactly, why do cancer starts. Experts say that genetic predisposition, exposure to radiation and weak immune system play the key role in this trouble.
Examine your body carefully, using the mirror. Be aware that skin cancer may appear everywhere, even on the regions, not exposed to sun rays. Specialists recommend checking up yourself regularly in order to notice any new formation and change in your skin appearance.
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Seek for professional medical examination immediately if you've found any of these alterations during self-examination:
#1 Asymmetric mole – you probably know that abnormal moles and freckles are the most common signs of skin cancer. But how can you understand, which of your moles are cancerous? First of all, look at their form. Malignant moles usually look asymmetrically.
#2 Irregular borders of the moles – pay attention on the edges of your birthmarks. It's worth consulting with medical professional, if your mole has uneven, jagged or blurred rims.
#3 Changes in coloration – malignant spots have ability to change their shades and to become black, red, white or even blue.
#4 Big size – determine diameter of your mole. If it's larger than ¼ inch across, it may be a sign of skin cancer.
#5 Scar-like formations – basal cell cancer can look like firm and flat colorless scars.
#6 Crusty red patches – squamous cell carcinoma, like other skin cancer, is more likely to affect sun-getting body areas such as face, neck and arms. It can manifest in flaky or rough red spots with crusty or bleeding surface.
#7 Open sores – cancerous wounds usually don't heal for a long time and may have oozing areas.
#8 Shiny bumps – pink or reddish pearly lumps with translucent surface and multicolor areas may be a sign of basal cell carcinoma.
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