Vaginal cancer is rather rare condition, which, however, affects one in every 1100 women in the course of the lives.
According to the American Cancer Society's statistic, nearly 4810 new cases of vaginal cancer is diagnosed annually.
Your vagina is a tube, which connects the womb with external genitals. It is lined by epithelium, which consists of the squamous cells. Connective tissue, muscles, nerves and lymph vessels lie under this superficial layer. It also has special glands to keep the lining moistened.
Women often confuse vaginal cancer with cervical cancer. The cervix is a part of your uterus, located in its lower area. Cervical cancer is a much more frequent problem.
Specialists say that if both vagina and cervix contain cancerous cells, it is usually recognized as the cervical cancer.
Even today we can't be sure about exact causes of vaginal cancer. Genetic predisposition, smoking and alcohol abuse are well-known risk factors for all cancers.
Numerous studies show that exposure to the hormonal medicine DES (Diethylstilbestrol) significantly boosts women's risks of vaginal malignancy.
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DES was given to women between 1940 and 1971 in order to avert miscarriage. Nowadays it was found that women, whose mothers get DES during pregnancy, are more likely to suffer from rare clear-cell vaginal or cervical adenocarcinoma than others.
It's really important to keep your private part healthy. We propose you information, every woman should know about vaginal cancer:
#1 Vaginal cancer often indicate existence of other neoplasm anywhere in the body
Primary vaginal cancer is a rare condition, you know. At the same time, it can be often spread from other organs. That's why it's so important to examine your entire body, if have abnormal cells in the vagina.
#2 There are different types of vaginal cancer
In vast majority of cases vaginal malignancy is a squamous cell carcinoma. It occurs, when abnormal cells tend to overgrow in the epithelial layer of the vagina out of control.
Other types of vaginal cancer include adenocarcinoma (which affects gland cells), melanoma (starts in pigmented cells) and sarcoma (develops in the muscles and connective tissues).
#3 VAIN can extremely increase your risks
Vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia (VAIN) is diagnosed, when vaginal cells differ from the normal cells, but they can't be considered as cancer.
Medical professionals affirm that women with VAIN have much higher risks of vaginal cancer.
Actually both VAIN and vaginal malignancy have a close link with HPV infection.
#4 Pay attention on the symptoms
Cancer may not cause any symptoms on the early stage. With time certain signs become apparent.
Vaginal cancer often manifests in vaginal bleeding, which occur after intercourse. Sometimes bleeding after menopause can also indicate cancer of the private part.
Women with vaginal cancer may also complain of uncomfortable and painful intercourses, increased urination, pelvic pain, constipation and feeling a mass in the vagina.
#5 Don't ignore regular examination
Early vaginal malignancy is usually symptomless. It can be only found during the pelvic examination.
Pap smear is a test to gather and view cells from your vagina and cervix surface in order to find abnormalities.
If your doctor found anything abnormal during these procedures, she or he would recommend you getting biopsy, colposcopy and certain imaging tests
The BetterMe Team wants you and those close to you to live a healthy, happy life! Your health is a valuable thing; look after your body and your mind so that you can live your life to the fullest – Remember you only get one!
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