Hormonal imbalance is often responsible for numerous health problems, which sometimes occur in woman's body.

Do you actually know that your ovaries normally produce not only estrogen and progesterone (typical female sex hormones), but also a few of androgens (male hormones)?

When something goes wrong in the body, your ovaries can start to create too much of androgens.

As a result, your monthly ovulation and menstruation can be disturbed, as excess of male hormones doesn't allow the ovaries to release an egg as needed.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

All these unreleased eggs accumulate in the ovaries, forming high number of cysts (fluid-filled sacs which surround the eggs).

This condition is medically called polycystic ovary syndrome.

Actually PCOS was found as a main culprit of infertility among American women.

Even today specialists can't identify exact causes of this disorder.

Numerous studies show that excessive production of androgens is linked with insulin resistance.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

Insulin is normally generated by your pancreas in order to convert glucose from foods into energy.

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Sometimes body's cells may become resistant to this hormone that leads to increase of blood sugar levels. As a result, pancreas tries to secrete more insulin to compensate the problem.

Increased generation of insulin triggers excessive production of the male hormones.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

Some specialists say that low-grade inflammatory process in your body can stimulate ovaries to create surplus of androgens.

Genetic predisposition plays a great role in the polycystic ovary syndrome. So having close relatives with this disease can boost your own risks.

In fact, most women with PCOS don't recognize that the problem exists.

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Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

How can you suspect that your ovaries have begun to secrete more androgens? Check up these warning signs of polycystic ovary syndrome:

#1 Changes in menstrual cycle – irregular periods is one of the most common complaints of PCOS sufferers. Hormonal imbalance can reduce ovulation and make your menses infrequent.

#2 Weight gain – more than half of women with polycystic ovaries have excessive weight. They usually find it really difficult to get rid of these extra pounds even if following healthy diet and exercising regularly.

#3 Hirsutism – high levels of androgens causes growth of unwanted hair on the face, belly, chest and ack.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

#4 Acne – elevated production of the male hormones make your skin oily and causes pimples on the face, chest and shoulders.

#5 Acanthosis nigricans – you may notice thick and dark spots on the neck, groin and in the skinfolds, if your ovaries decided to make more androgens.

#6 Poor sleep – insomnia and low quality of sleep refer to rather common signs of polycystic ovaries. It was found that PCOS has a close link with sleep apnea (sudden repeated pauses in breathing, which occur during sleep).

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