Abdominal cramps, mood swings, headaches and back pain disturb our well-being from month to month, informing us that menses come soon.
Your ovaries release the eggs almostly each month in the course of your reproductive age. This gives you ability to conceive and give a birth to baby. Sex hormones estrogen and progesterone, produced in the ovaries, support these process and prepare uterine lining for fastening of the impregnated egg and for carrying of the gravidity.
If fertilization isn't happened, levels of reproductive hormones drop down, leading to the shedding of the prepared womb lining and causing menstrual bleeding.
After that maturation of the new egg starts from the very beginning.
Normal periods last from two to seven days and come every 21-35 days.
There is a wide variety of factors, which can disturb duration of your menstrual cycle, change the periods or aggravate PMS symptoms.
In the majority of cases it occurs, when hormonal balance becomes impaired.
Noticeable changes in your monthly events may also indicate structural abnormalities (like uterine fibroids or polyps), cancer or may be a side effect of certain medications.
Consult with your gynecologist, if noticed any of these abnormal menstruation symptoms:
#1 Heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding – myoma, polyps, adenomyosis, hypothyroidism and polycystic ovary syndrome can make your periods too heavy or prolong their duration.
#2 Severe abdominal cramps – high-intensity menstrual pain is medically called dysmenorrhea. It may be a sign of endometriosis (condition, in which cells of the uterine lining appear anywhere outside their natural location), uterine fibroids or infection.
#3 Irregular menses – there is a high number of health issues, which can disturb regularity of your menstruation. It mainly occurs because of thyroid dysfunction, poorly controlled diabetes, eating disorders (like anorexia) and long-term consumption of some medicines.
#4 Clots – dark or bright thick conglomerates may appear in the menstrual blood, if your uterus is enlarged. Other possible causes include uterine fibroid, endometriosis and miscarriage.
#5 Painful bowel movements – women with endometriosis often suffer from painful and uncomfortable defecation.
#6 Spotting – vaginal bleeding, which occurs between periods, is a frequent sign of leiomyoma, sexually transmitted infection, myoma and cancer.
#7 Aggravation of PMS symptoms – hormonal imbalance, neoplasms and changes in anatomy of reproductive organs can worsen your premenstrual symptoms and can even interfere with daily activities.
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