Maybe most of us dream to shift periods or to change their duration, adapting them to our plans. Just imagine, how great it could be to move monthly events to a week or two, when having the beach trip.

Sorry, but your menses have their own cycle, regulated by numerous hormones.

Reproductive hormones estrogen and progesterone are normally secreted by your ovaries.

Special parts of your brain, called hypothalamus and pituitary, keep under the control production of these chemicals.

It was also found that thyroid hormones play a significant role in regulation of menstrual cycle and fertility.

Credit: Pixabay

Credit: Pixabay

Starting from the puberty, your ovaries begin to release eggs, in order to give you ability to conceive. At the same time reproductive hormones prepare uterine lining for adherence of the fertilized egg. If conception doesn’t occur, levels of sex hormones drop and thick uterine lining is shed, causing menstrual bleeding.

These processes usually last up to menopause, when ovaries stop to release eggs. Women commonly go through menopause at the age of 45 to 55.

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Credit: Pixabay

Credit: Pixabay

The average menstrual cycle lasts nearly 28 days. But it’s completely normal to have 24 to 35-days cycle.

Duration of the menses is also an individual issue. Normal menstrual bleeding lasts from two to seven days.

Changes in menstrual cycle are one of the most frequent problems in women. From heavy bleeding to skipped periods, menstrual abnormalities bring thousands of us to medical specialists.

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Credit: Pixabay

Credit: Pixabay

Let’s see, what are the most common reasons of abnormal menstrual cycle:

#1. Being overweight or obese – it’s something more than unattractive fatty folds on your belly. Having extra kilos can disturb your hormonal balance, leading to irregular, heavy and prolonged periods.

Credit: Pixabay

Credit: Pixabay

#2. Experience emotional stress – your body responds to stress, producing more of hormones adrenaline and cortisol. Chronic stress maintains elevated levels of these chemicals that may result in lack of menstruation.

#3. Too low body weight – it seems strangely, isn’t it? We have said that excessive weight is one of the main culprits of menstrual problems. And now it turns out that low body weight is harmful too. No, it’s not a mistake. The reason is about your hormones, as usually. Fatty tissue is essential source of estrogen. And if your body contains too few of it, levels of this hormone get dramatically decreased, leading to amenorrhea (absence of menstruation).

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

#4. Exhausting exercising – vigorous exercises are extremely stressful for your body, especially if you’re underweight. That’s why your menses may be irregular or even absent.

#5. Thyroid dysfunction – small butterfly-shaped gland in your neck make a great influence on your overall health, including menstrual function. When problems occur in the body, it may begin to produce too much or too few of thyroid hormones, causing hyper- or hypothyroidism. Women with underactive thyroid usually complain of long-term heavy menstruation, while those with hyperthyroidism have scanty periods, or skip them at all.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

#6. Polycystic ovary syndrome – in this condition woman’s body start to create high amount of male hormones. Excess of androgens causes erratic or no periods, acne, unwanted hair growth and obesity.

#7. Endometriosis – endometrial cells normally form the uterine lining. Sometimes these cells may appear outside their natural location (for example on the ovaries, fallopian tubes etc.) but continue to function in concordance with uterine lining, shedding each month. Besides changes in periods, endometriosis may cause severe pain in the lower abdomen.

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The BetterMe Team wants you and those close to you to live a healthy, happy life! Your health is a valuable thing; look after your body and your mind so that you can live your life to the fullest – Remember you only get one!

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