Seizure is an involuntary contraction of the muscles, usually accompanied by sharp pain. Spasms can be different. For example, there are cramps that look like stereotyped rapid movements.

Most often, cramps in the legs and calves. Happens, that the hip and a foot suffer. Seizures of the legs can be observed at different ages, but more often they are exposed to people of the middle and older generation.

At each of us at least once in a life the leg or cramp caused a cramp. And this happens always unexpectedly. Sometimes the pain is so sharp that it seems that the muscle just bursts with tension. Often cramps occur at night, disturbing sleep and causing us to experience a few unpleasant moments. What are the causes of this ailment and where to start treatment? Let's try to understand.

Credit: Pixabay

Credit: Pixabay

#1.Acceptance of certain medications. Adsorbents and antacid preparations interfere with normal assimilation of magnesium and calcium. And when taking diuretics from the body, potassium is washed out. Shortages of magnesium, calcium and potassium lead to dysfunction of the neuromuscular system, which causes the development of convulsions.

Credit: Pixabay

Credit: Pixabay

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#2.Pregnancy. One of the frequent symptoms that disturb pregnant women is leg cramps. This is due to the lack of key minerals, and to worsening circulation in the legs and pelvic organs, which causes seizures.

#3.Stress. When we are nervous, a lot of stress hormone cortisol is released into the blood. This hormone helps us "group" and prepare for danger (a mechanism developed in the course of evolution). However, this hormone also has side effects. One of them is the deterioration of calcium digestibility in the intestine and the increased excretion of this mineral by the kidneys.

Credit: Pixabay

Credit: Pixabay

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#4.Severe sweating. People prone to severe sweating lose a lot of minerals along with sweat, including calcium, potassium and magnesium. In this regard, the development of seizures increases in hot weather, as well as in people who are overweight, who sweat when doing even minor physical work.

#5.Lack of vitamin D. It has long been known that calcium intake requires a sufficient amount of vitamin D. This vitamin is produced in the body under the influence of ultraviolet radiation. A 20-30 minute walk in sunny weather is enough for the body to produce enough of this vitamin. In the autumn-winter period, when the duration of the day decreases, many people suffer from a lack of vitamin D, which can cause the development of leg cramps.

Credit: Pixabay

Credit: Pixabay

#6.Varicose veins, resulting in poor nutrition of muscles.

#7.Chronic circulatory disorders in the lower extremities and chronic venous insufficiency.

#8.Metabolic diseases, for example, diabetes mellitus.

#9.Diseases of the human endocrine system, for example, thyroid disease.

#10.Kidney diseases.

#11.Hemorrhoids (often with hemorrhoids leg cramps are disturbed at night).

#12.Radiculitis.

#13.Flat feet and injuries of the musculoskeletal system.

Credit: Pixabay

Credit: Pixabay

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