Maybe most women are familiar with breast pain, swelling and tenderness, which visit us several days before menstruation.
The reason is in hormones, as usual. Levels of reproductive hormones fluctuate during the menstrual cycle, that may cause discomfort in your breasts.
There are actually two different types of mastalgia (medical term for breast pain).
Cyclic pain has a correlation with menstrual cycle and hormonal changes. It usually affects women in childbearing age.
Cyclic breast pain precedes your periods, starting two or three days before the monthly events. It is commonly felt like mild aching and swelling in the upper part of the both breasts.
Noncyclic mastalgia can become apparent in any day of your cycle and start for more than a couple of days.
Unlike cyclic pain, this uncomfortable sensations are most frequently felt in one of the breasts.
It was found that women in menopause are much more likely to experience noncyclic breast pain than those, who still have periods.
Feel any type of breast pain? Let's see, what are the possible causes of your impaired well-being:
#1. Breast cysts – sometimes fluid-filled sacs may develop in your breast tissue, causing burning, tightness and aching in the breasts. Fibrocystic breasts are lumpy and tender to the touch. Cysts may enlarge in the course of your menstrual cycle and shrink in the menopause, when hormonal levels drop down.
#2. Mastitis – if you breastfeed, be aware that breast pain, in a couple with fever, fatigue and skin redness, can be caused by infection in the milk ducts.
#3. Breast size – those of us, who have large breasts, often complain of aching in the breasts, neck and shoulders.
#4. Hormone therapy – birth control pills, infertility drugs and hormone replacement medicines can significantly change hormonal levels that may result in tenderness and pain in your breasts.
#5. Costochondritis – breast pain may be not only about mammary glands. Burning and discomfort can be caused by arthritis of the joints, which connect the ribs with breastbone.
#6. Some non-hormonal medications – review the drugs, you take regularly. Some of them, like antidepressants, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and diuretics may be responsible for your breast pain.
#7. Breast surgery – sometimes breast pain, which occurs after surgical intervention and scar formation, can linger after complete healing of the incisions.
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