Most of us are familiar with these uncomfortable cramps and aching in the lower part of the abdomen, which say that periods come soon.
Sometimes women experience painful sensations in the middle of the menstrual cycle, when ovulation occurs. At this time one of your ovaries releases an egg, in order to give you a chance to conceive.
However not all cramps are as harmless as menstrual ones.
Specialists say that there is wide variety of conditions, which can cause unpleasant spasms and pain below your belly button.
Actually it's not only about your reproductive organs. Sometimes underlying reason may be in the gut, kidneys, muscles and even in the head (meaning psychological factors).
Cramp-like pain may be sharp and sudden or nagging and long-lasting, ranging from mild to unbearably severe.
You really need to know, what's the matter of your cramps, which are not related to periods.
#1. Ovarian cyst – there are two types of these fluid-filled sacs, which can develop in the ovary. Functional cysts can be created from the follicle (a structure, which surrounds an egg before ovulation) or corpus luteum (follicle tissues, which stay in the ovary after releasing of the egg). Abnormal cysts don’t have link with menstrual cycle and may include foreign tissues like hair, teeth and endometrium. Large cysts can cause ovarian torsion or may rupture, leading to abrupt sharp pain on the one side of the pelvic area.
#2. Endometriosis – in this disorder the endometrium, which normally lines internal part of the womb, spreads anywhere outside its natural location (into the ovaries, fallopian tubes or abdomen). This displaced endometrium continues to function in accordance with menstrual cycle: it becomes thick, sheds and bleeds together with normal uterine lining, causing severe cramps, painful intercourses and uncomfortable feelings during defecation.
#3. Uterine fibroid – myomas (other name for fibroids) are benign overgrowths, which can appear in any part of the womb. It was found that fibroids usually occur during childbearing age. The reason is about sex hormones, which feed up these formations and stimulate their growth. Most of myomas stay symptomless, but sometimes women with this structures complain of heavy menstrual bleeding, abdominal cramps and increased urination.
#4. Ectopic pregnancy – sharp pelvic cramps may happen, when embryo implants and begins to grow outside of the uterus (in the fallopian tubes, ovary, cervix or abdominal cavity). Be aware that ectopic pregnancy is a medical emergency, which requires immediate medical care.
#5. Pelvic inflammatory disease – it develops as a result of the sexually transmitted infection, which spreads in your reproductive system and causes pelvic cramps, abnormal stinky discharge, fever and painful urination. Visit your doctor without delay, if you're suspected to have PID.
The BetterMe Team wants you and those close to you to live a healthy, happy life! Your health is a valuable thing; look after your body and your mind so that you can live your life to the fullest – Remember you only get one!
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