Your body consists of wide variety of cells, which divide certain number of times and then die off. Sometimes this system fails, and cells begin to grow and propagate out of control. With time these abnormal cells crowd out healthy cells, creating a tumor.
If these undying cells have ability to spread to other parts of the body, they are called malignant (or cancerous) cells. Cancer may appear in any part of the body, and nobody is secured from its development. Even today experts don't know exact causes of cancer. Numerous studies show that obesity, genetic predisposition and smoking play significant role in this problem.
It's not uncommon for abnormal cells to grow and reproduce in the ovaries, causing ovarian cancer. Your ovaries are two organs, located in the pelvis, which generate sex hormones and release the eggs each months during your reproductive age. Owing to these processes, ovaries keep under the control your fertility and menstrual cycle.
Even though ovarian cancer often stays symptomless for a long time, it can cause bloating, pelvic or back pain, changes in menstrual cycle, unexplained fatigue and decreased appetite.
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Let's get familiar with ovarian cancer facts, every woman should know about:
I. According to statistic data of the American Cancer Society, more than 22000 of women in the US will get diagnosis of ovarian cancer in 2018. Nowadays it takes the fifth place among the most common malignancy-related deaths.
II. Oral contraceptives can decrease your risks of ovarian malignancy. Recent studies found that those, who consume birth control pills during five years or longer, have 50% lower hazards of this problem than others. However, hormone contraceptives can have serious side effects and health risks. Ask your doctor about possible benefits and hazards of these medications, before taking them.
III. Pap test can't identify ovarian cancer, even if you do it regularly. It can only detect cervical malignancy or other cervical disorders, but not more.
IV. Genetic mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes have close link with ovarian and breast cancer in women and prostate cancer in men. Women with congenital abnormality in BRCA2 have 10-30% higher risks of ovarian cancer, while individuals with mutation in BRCA1 increases your personal hazards up to 35-70%. It is recommended to get genetic counseling, if somebody of your close relatives have ovarian neoplasm.
Sources: Cancer, CDC, Health, WebMD
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