Fad diets, vigorous exercises, “metabolic boosters” and numerous supplements… It seems that you've tried everything to get rid of excessive weight. But nothing really helps.
Inexplicable weight gain may become a dramatic event for you, especially if you make all efforts to stay lean and reach such a desirable number on the scales.
Sometimes your weight may appear out of the control, even if you count each calorie and spend several hours in the gym every day.
All processes in humans’ organism are regulated by special chemicals called hormones. They are produced by different glands all over your body.
Experts say that hormones can make a great influence on your appearance, metabolism and well-being. Thus hormonal imbalance may be responsible for accumulation of excessive fat in your body.
Here are the most common hormones, which can cause poorly-controlled weight gain and what to do to change the situation:
So-called stress hormone cortisol is produced by the adrenal glands as a response to emotional and physical stress. You can say that you can't even think about food, when exposed to stress. That's right, people have different reactions.
However chronic stress usually leads to long-term elevation of cortisol that results in tremendous appetite and food cravings.
What to do: the best idea is to stay off the stressful situations. But it's not always possible, so you need to cope with them in healthy manner. Different relaxation techniques like yoga, deep breathing and meditation can help you ease stress without harming the shape.
This hunger-stimulating chemical is secreted by your body, when you starve for a long time. In normal cases levels of ghrelin drop down after having a meal.
Several studies showed that in overweight and obese individuals ghrelin stays elevated even after eating. That makes difficult for hypothalamus to understand that you're already satiated.
What to do: try to avoid sugar-contained products and add more protein-rich foods to your diet. It was also found that those, who don't sleep well, are more likely to experience ghrelin imbalance. Doctors recommend sleeping at least seven hours every night to keep your body healthy.
Your pancreas normally generates insulin in order to use glucose from foods as energy fuel.
Staying on high-carbs menu may lead to insulin resistance, according to research. In this condition body cells become insensitive to insulin and can't spend glucose from the blood as needed. At the same time pancreas tries to compensate this dysfunction, producing higher amount of insulin.
Increased insulin level is associated with obesity, as usual.
What to do: limit sugar and refined carbohydrates in the ration. Fill your meals with omega 3 and protein to keep normal insulin levels and prevent unwanted weight gain.
It's normal for your body to produce low amount of male hormones called androgens. The problem is, if their levels become too high.
Excessive generation of androgens in female body can cause polycystic ovary syndrome, which manifests in lack of ovulation, hirsutism, weight gain (particularly around the waist) and formation of the cysts in the ovaries. It's difficult for women with PCOS to conceive and carry the pregnancy.
What to do: consult with medical professional about optimal treatment of this disorder. Regular exercising and following healthy diet can help you improve your hormonal balance.
#5. Thyroid hormones
Thyroxine and triiodothyronine are two hormones, secreted by the thyroid gland. They take part in regulation of the metabolic rate, body temperature, mental health and menstrual cycle.
If problems occur in the thyroid gland, production of the hormones may be extremely decreased. This condition is called hypothyroidism.
Hypothyroid patients experience unintentional weight gain, hair loss, constant fatigue, drowsiness, heavy menstrual bleeding and brain fogginess.
What to do: ask your healthcare provider to examine your thyroid gland. If it doesn't make sufficient amount of the hormones, your doctor would prescribe you synthetic substitutes to satisfy the body's demand.
READ MORE: 10 reasons why your stomach hurts
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