It's always horrifying to get diagnosis of breast cancer.
According to statistics of the American Cancer Society, nearly one in each five breast cancers are ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS).
DCIS, sometimes called stage 0 breast cancer or intraductal carcinoma, is non-invasive malignancy, which starts inside the milk ducts.
Each of your breasts contains from 15 to 20 ducts, which deliver milk to the baby, if you're a breastfeeding mom.
Stage 0 breast cancer affects internal lining of the milk ducts, but doesn't invade into the surrounding breast tissues and isn't able to metastasize to other organs.
It was found that having this disorder can boost your risks of experiencing invasive breast malignancy, especially if left untreated.
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Even today we can't determine, which of the intraductal carcinomas will transform to invasive cancer and which will stay in dormant condition. That's why specialists recommend treatment for all women with DCIS.
Like in all cancers, exact causes of intraductal carcinoma stay unclear. Genetic mutations and heredity may be the most significant reasons of this trouble.
However there are some risk factors, like long-term consumption of hormone replacement medications, obesity and having first pregnancy after the age 30, which can trigger abnormal cells overgrowth in the milk ducts.
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In general, this disorder doesn't cause any complaints and symptoms. In rare cases women with DCIS find lump in the breast or notice bloody discharge, flowing out of the nipple.
Owing to increasing popularity of screenings, nowadays approximately 80% of stage 0 breast cancer are found during mammography.
The good news is also that prognosis of DCIS is perfect for those, who get optimal treatment.
The most common cure methods for DCIS include lumpectomy, mastectomy, hormonal therapy and radiation treatment.
Each case of intraductal carcinoma is different and requires individual approach. Your doctor can help you make a decision, which treatment is the most preferred in your situation.
For example, if the DCIS lesion is larger than 20 mm, medical professional may recommend a combination of surgery and radiation or hormonal therapy.
There is a special Recurrence Score, which is used to ascertain your risks of DCIS return.
Considering your Recurrence Score results, age, grade and size of the DCIS lesion, specialist will prescribe you the best way to get rid of your problem and to stay healthy for many years.
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