Most of us experienced painful sensations between the belly button and thighs at least once in life.
Though both men and women may suffer from pelvic pain, it most commonly affects women.
You may feel pain and cramps several days before menstruation, or in the middle of your menstrual cycle, when ovulation occurs. But sometimes unpleasant sensations in the pelvic area may be a result of certain health abnormalities.
Pain may happen suddenly and be severe, or it can last for a long time, being dull and nagging. It may be localized in only one spot or spread all over your lower abdominal area.
It's really important to recognize exact cause of the pain, as it can indicate medical emergency, such as appendicitis or ovarian torsion.
Sometimes discomfort and pain in the pelvis may be accompanied by other symptoms like vaginal discharge, changes in bowel movements, fever, bloating and difficulty urination.
Here are the most common problems, associated with pelvic pain:
#1. Gynecological problems
In the majority of cases, pelvic pain in women is caused by certain gynecologic issue like endometriosis, ectopic pregnancy, ovarian cyst, infection and uterine fibroids.
Endometriosis is a condition, in which endometrium (uterine lining) appears anywhere outside the womb, for example in the ovaries. This dislocated tissue continues to function like normal uterine lining, thickening and shedding each month in accordance with menstrual cycle. Endometriosis-related pain becomes apparent during menstruations and intercourses.
Other possible reason for your pelvic discomfort is uterine fibroid. This benign overgrowth develops anywhere in the womb and often doesn't cause any symptoms at all. Large fibroids can make pressure on the nerves, leading to pain in the lower abdomen, which may come together with heavy vaginal bleeding.
Sometimes women experience aching and cramps in the pelvis, when have pelvic inflammatory disease. PID is usually a consequence of sexually transmitted infection.
Your ob-gyn may prescribe you hormonal pills, surgery, antibiotics or some other methods to treat your problem efficiently.
#2. Bowel problems
Specialists say, the problem may be in your gut. Acute pain in the lower part of your belly may be a sign of serious emergency situations, such as appendicitis or intestinal obstruction.
Chronic pain is frequently caused by constipation, inflammatory bowel disease and irritable bowel syndrome.
Actually the last one affects women more often than men. Exact causes of IBS stay still unclear. Hormonal changes, certain foods and stress may trigger pelvic pain, weight loss, diarrhea, vomiting and rectal bleeding, if you’re one of the IBS sufferers.
#3. Urinary tract disorders
Kidney stones can cause unbearably severe pain in one side of the lower abdomen with irradiation to the groin.
Besides this, painful feelings in the pelvis may be a symptom of interstitial cystitis (or painful bladder syndrome) and urinary tract infection.
In interstitial cystitis protective lining in the bladder appears defective that leads to irritation of the bladder wall by toxins and chemicals. People with painful bladder syndrome commonly complain of discomfort in the pelvis, permanent need to urinate and painful intercourses.
Urinary tract infection may affect any organ in the urinary system, making your urine cloudy or bloody and causing burning during urination, pelvic pain, increased need to go.
Pelvic floor muscles normally support your womb, bladder and gut. Inflammation or weakness of these muscles can lead to painful sex, constipation and cramps in the pelvic area.
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