Heart disease is a leading death cause in our modern society.
Cardiovascular system is made up of the heart, arteries, veins and tiny capillaries, which carry blood to each part of your body.
The most common type of heart problem is atherosclerosis. It occurs, when fatty plaques stick to the vessel's lining and impair blood flow, narrowing the lumen.
Cardiovascular disease usually stays asymptomatic, till the coronary artery becomes occluded up to 75%. When it becomes difficult for the heart to push the blood through affected vessel, you may suffer from stenocardia symptoms.
Other heart-related disorders include arrhythmias, valve disease, congenital defects of the heart's structure, infection and cardiomyopathy (heart muscle troubles).
Though it's impossible to change family history and some congenital features, there are some potentially modifiable risk factors, which can contribute to cardiac disease. It's mainly about your high-fat and sodium-rich diet, excessive weight, cigarettes and sedentary lifestyle.
How can you recognize that your heart doesn't work properly? Check up these symptoms:
#1. Dyspnea – this is a medical term for breathlessness. It may come to you during physical activity, at rest and even when sleeping. People with heart dysfunction notice that it's more difficult to breath, while lying down.
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#2. Chest discomfort – it's a typical symptom, which you have probably heard about. Classic heart attack-related chest pain is felt like heaviness, squeezing and burning in the chest. If you feel a pain in one point, which becomes more sensible, if you touch it, it may be not about your heart.
#3. Nausea – lack of the blood in the vessels of your gastrointestinal tract can make you feel sick and full.
#4. Pain in the arm, neck or jaw – chest pain is not the only pain, you may feel during heart attack. Sometimes people experience sudden sharp pain in the left blade or arm, neck and even in the jaw.
#5. Irregular heartbeat – atrial fibrillation is abnormality, in which ectopic focuses appear in the atrium (chambers of the heart) and begin to create extra heart beats. Patients with this type of arrhythmia usually complain of irregular heartbeats.
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Maybe each of us is familiar with heart palpitations, felt in anxiety and excitement. But be aware that increased heart rate may be a sign of heart failure.
#6. Swelling in the legs – heart failure can lead to accumulation of the fluid in your lower extremities and abdomen. It may appear not so easy even to put your shoes on because of edema.
#7. Fatigue – improper functioning of the heart can be a culprit of your extreme tiredness and lack of energy. The reason is that weakened heart can't cope with body's demands for blood supply, and takes it away from muscles and some other organs, providing flow to more vital organs such as the brain and the heart.
#8. Dizziness and fainting – insufficient blood supply of the brain can result in lightheadedness and even in loss of consciousness.
#9. Cold sweats – it's OK to sweat a lot in heat or when performing intensive exercises. But inexplicable cold sweats, which come together with chest pain, are the warning signs of heart attack.
#10. Chronic coughing – you're right, cough is a common symptom of bronchitis. But sometimes it may be caused heart failure, when fluid leaks into the lungs and builds up there.
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The BetterMe Team wants you and those close to you to live a healthy, happy life! Your health is a valuable thing; look after your body and your mind so that you can live your life to the fullest – Remember you only get one!
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