Feel numbness, itching and aching in the fingers? It might be a carpal tunnel syndrome!

Carpal tunnel is a passage, located at the palm side of the hand. It is a narrow space, which consists of ligaments and bones.

Median nerve is a beam of sensitive fibers that runs through this tight pathway, providing feelings to your thumb and three other fingers (except the little finger). It also keeps under the control muscles near the base of the thumb.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

Sometimes carpal tunnel may become swollen and too tight, pressing on the median nerve. This usually results in burning, itching, numbness, weakness and pain in the thumb and the index, middle finger and medial part of the ring finger.

Symptoms often become apparent at night, if you sleep, keeping your arms flexed. WIthout treatment, this disorder progresses bit by bit. So it may appear difficult even to take small objects and keep the bottle in the hand.

It is no single cause of the carpal tunnel syndrome. This trouble may occur as a result of wrist fracture, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis and repetitive movements of the wrist (like actions, performed by cleaners, sewers and other assemblers).

Credit: Pixabay

Credit: Pixabay

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Excessive fluid in your body may also put pressure on the carpal tunnel and squeeze the median nerve. This frequently happens in pregnancy, kidney failure and hypothyroidism.

Actually, it was found that women have three times higher risks of developing carpal tunnel syndrome, than men. The reason is that we have smaller wrist and more narrow carpal tunnel area.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

Don't ignore annoying sensations in your wrist, as the earlier the problem is found, the higher chances of managing the carpal tunnel syndrome without surgical intervention.

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First of all, it's really important to stay off activities that trigger or aggravate your symptoms.

Splinting is a good option, which can help you keep neutral position in your wrist during sleep and can reduce pain in this way.

Credit: Pixabay

Credit: Pixabay

Put cold compresses on the painful area to relieve discomfort. Over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medications can also help you feel better for short period of time. But unfortunately, they can’t remove the underlying problem.

Your doctor can do corticosteroid injections into the carpal tunnel to decrease inflammation and alleviate symptoms.

In advanced cases or if nonsurgical methods appear inefficient, surgery may be the only way to get rid of this disorder.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

In general, procedure involves cutting a ligament, in order to put away pressure from the median nerve. It can be done with two techniques: endoscopic surgery and traditional open surgical intervention.

Though carpal tunnel release is one of the most frequent surgery treatments in the US, it has certain risks, like nerve damage, wound infection and insufficient release of the ligament.

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