With aging, all functions in our body tend to decline bit by bit. Unfortunately, it's a natural process, when organs and tissues wear out, increasing chances of getting numerous diseases.
The brain is one of the most hard-working organs, which keeps under the control everything in your body.
Many older adults complain of impaired memory, troubles to understand speech or to orientate in familiar places. These cognitive problems are commonly called dementia.
There are different types of dementia. Nearly 60 to 80% of all dementia cases refer to Alzheimer's disease.
Patients with this health issue ask the same question many times, without remembering the answer. They lose ability to plan, recognize common things and make decisions. Changes also concern mood and behaviour, making people apathetic, aggressive and agitated.
Nobody knows exactly, why does this disorder occurs.
Researches found that Alzheimer's is associated with production of abnormal proteins: tau (that forms tangles) and amyloid-beta (plaques-building element).
Eventually, these substances destroy brain cells, making it hard even to perform daily activities.
Experts say Alzheimer's possibly runs in families. However having certain disease-associated genes doesn't mean that you will surely have symptoms.
The good news is also that there are some ways to prevent Alzheimer's disease, even if your family members had it.
#1. Improve your diet
Several studies found that diet plays a great role not only in your weight and heart health, but also in brain functioning.
Following a Mediterranean diet is the best choice for those, who want to decrease risks of the Alzheimer's disease. This includes eating more fruits, vegetables, “good” fats and whole grains. Substitute red meat with lean poultry and seafoods.
Add more antioxidant-rich foods (like berries). Moderate amounts of red wine may also bring some benefits to your brain. But don't overdo with alcohol. Remember that it's allowed to take no more than one alcohol beverage for women and two – for men.
#2. Be physically active
There is scientific evidence that regular exercises can help you keep your mind clear and can even delay progression of Alzheimer’s disease in those, who have symptoms.
Perform at least 30 minutes of aerobic activity, like jogging, cycling and walking, a day, to maintain healthy weight and normal mental performance.
#3. Manage your vascular risks
Most of us have some chronic conditions like high blood pressure, diabetes, increased cholesterol or heart disease. Ignoring these problems may extremely boost your risks of Alzheimer's.
It's also possible that vascular disease triggers symptoms in those, who have had amyloid and tau for a long time without any manifestations in the past.
#4. Exercise your brain
It's important to stay socially active and to sustain mental performance, engaging in brain-boosting activities, like learning new language, reading, visiting museums etc. This helps prevent developing amyloid, improve your memory and even create additional neurons.
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The BetterMe Team wants you and those close to you to live a healthy, happy life! Your health is a valuable thing; look after your body and your mind so that you can live your life to the fullest – Remember you only get one!
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