Have you ever had red painful bump on the eyelid?

This pimple-like thing is called sty (or stye). It happens, when oil glands, located in the eyelid, become clogged with dead skin cells, oil and debris that usually results in infection and inflammation. In vast majority of cases Staphylococcus (type of the bacterium) is a main culprit of the sty.

Credit: Pixabay

Credit: Pixabay

Poor hygiene, inserting contact lenses without appropriate disinfection and using old cosmetics can increase your risks of getting sty. It was also found that having blepharitis, rosacea or other skin issues are associated with frequent sty development.

There are actually two types of this disorder. External sty affects the base of your eyelash follicle, while internal stye occurs in the inner part of the eyelid.

Credit: Pixabay

Credit: Pixabay

Sty looks like red sore bump, which comes together with excessive tears, swelling and crusts around the eyelid. Don't confuse it with chalazion.

The chalazion is also caused by inflammatory process in the oil glands, situated behind the eyelashes. But it doesn't cause any discomfort, as usual.

However, both of these eye conditions have the same treatment.

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Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

Doctors say that most stys aren't dangerous, even though they often contain pus and cause severe pain. However in rare cases it may lead to other problems, like conjunctivitis and blepharitis.

Use these simple tips to enhance healing processes and avoid complications:

#1. Apply warm compress – it's one of the most efficient ways to get rid of your sty. Immerse clean washcloth into the warm (but not hot!) water to soak it. Wring it out and put on the affected closed eye for 5-15 minutes. Repeat this several times a day to relieve pain and decrease inflammation.

#2. Don't squeeze it – popping the sty may be the worst thing, you can do. That can lead to releasing of the pus and spreading infection.

Credit: Pixabay

Credit: Pixabay

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#3. Use a tea bag – it acts like warm water compress. Put warm tea bag, instead of washcloth, and keep it for several minutes. Both green and black tea may give you slight antibacterial effect.

#4. Stay off makeup – forget about makeup, until your sty has improved. The reason is that bacteria from your brushes can spread to the sty area, aggravating the symptoms.

#5. Clean the eyeliduse mild baby soap, water and clean washcloth to wash your eyelid gently. Saline solution is also a good option to increase drainage and remove bacteria.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

#6. Avoid contact lenses – try not to use contact lenses, when you have the sty. Bacteria from the affected region can contaminate your lenses, leading to prolonged infection existence.

If your sty come and go, not leaving you alone, visit your doctor. He or she may prescribe you antibiotic cream and eye drops, or recommend surgery to drain the pus, alleviate pain and speed up healing process.

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