Small things often play vital role in your well-being. Can you imagine that your thyroid gland, which weighs 15-25 g and has a length nearly 4-6 cm, rules numerous functions and processes in the body.

This butterfly-shaped organ releases hormones called thyroxine and triiodothyronine. These substances make a great influence on your metabolism, body temperature, heart beating and skin appearance.

If errors occur in the production of thyroid hormones, everything in your body may go wrong.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

Excessive production of thyroxine and triiodothyronine is called hyperthyroidism. In hypothyroidism the gland cuts down releasing of these hormones.

In the majority of cases this happens because of autoimmune diseases, in which immune system perceives thyroid tissue as a foreign agent and begins to attack it.

Grave's disease triggers too intense generation of thyroid hormones.

Sometimes overactive nodules are responsible for extremely elevated levels of thyroid hormones.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

Experts say that these problems runs in families. So if your mother or sister had hyperthyroidism, your chances of getting this disorder are really high.

If left untreated, hyperthyroidism may result in heart arrhythmia, osteoporosis (brittle bones), dermopathy and thyrotoxic crisis.

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Overactive thyroid gland may manifest like wide variety of other health conditions. Most patients with hyperthyroidism complain of these symptoms:

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

#1. Feeling anxious and nervous all the time

#2. Losing weight without trying

#3. Sweating too much

#4. Irregular menstrual cycle or absent periods

#5. Reduced tolerance to high temperatures

#6. Excessive hair loss

#7. Troubles falling asleep and staying asleep at night

#8. Having swollen formation (goiter) or nodule in the front of the neck

#9. Heart palpitations

#10. Difficulty concentrating

#11. Having shaky hands and weak muscles

#12. Craving food even after meal

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Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

Medical professionals usually recommend treating overactive thyroid with special medications or through surgical removal of the gland part.

Recent researches found that your eating habits play a great role in the thyroid functioning.

You probably know that your body takes iodine from the food and uses it to create molecules of thyroxine and triiodothyronine. Nowadays iodine deficiency is a rare problem in the US.

At the same time eating iodine-rich seaweed too frequently may be as harmful as taking too few of foods, full of this element.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

Though there is no special diet, which could be able to cope with hyperthyroidism, it's possible to alleviate mild symptoms of overactive thyroid, eating more antioxidant-rich berries, yogurt, Brazil nuts, broccoli and other cruciferous veggies.

It's really important to fill your body's needs of calcium and vitamin D, in order to maintain bone density. Add salmon, flax seeds, olive oil and dairy products to your menu in order to prevent osteoporosis. You can also ask your doctor about special supplements, if can’t take enough of these substances with foods.

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The BetterMe Team wants you and those close to you to live a healthy, happy life! Your health is a valuable thing; look after your body and your mind so that you can live your life to the fullest – Remember you only get one!

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