Those, who have had kidneys stone, remember it during the whole life.
Nearly 12% Americans suffer from kidney stones, medically called nephrolithiasis.
In this condition urine becomes too concentrated that leads to sticking and crystallization of the minerals inside the kidneys. Sometimes urine contains too few of substances, which prevent binding of the crystals.
Most of the kidney stones are made up of calcium oxalate, which can be found in certain foods.
People, who follow high-protein diet and don't drink enough fluid, often have uric acid stones.
Having urinary tract infection may result in struvite stones, which frequently grow large enough.
In rare cases genetic abnormality may lead to excessive excretion of certain amino acid, increasing probability of cystine stones formation.
Specialists affirm that tendency to create kidney stones runs in families. In addition to this, dehydration, obesity and eating high amount of some products may boost your risks of getting renal lithiasis.
Small stones may exist in your body, without causing any symptoms. If they become large and try to pass into the tube (ureter), which connects the kidney to the bladder, it may cause unbearable pain in the pelvic area and lower back, accompanied by changes in urine color, persistent urge to urinate, nausea and vomiting.
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Once you've had kidney stone, your chances to get it once more in the course of seven years, become 50% increased.
Let's see, what you can do to prevent developing kidney stones:
#1. Stay well-hydrated – if you excrete too much fluid, or don't drink enough, your urine becomes extremely concentrated. This can significantly increase your risks of kidney stones. Remember that you need to drink not less than 8 glasses of water a day. You can add lemonade and orange juice to reduce stone formation and stay hydrated in tasty way.
#2. Get enough calcium – that's right, most of the kidney stones are build of calcium oxalate. Sounds messy, but it was found that cutting dietary calcium may raise your risks of nephrolithiasis, as well as osteoporosis. The best idea is to meet your body's needs of calcium, adding dairy products, orange juice, tofu, canned sardines and other calcium-rich foods to your menu.
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#3. Stay off stones-forming food – taking too much oxalate-rich products may contribute to kidney stones, particularly in those, who have had one earlier. It's worth limiting spinach, chocolate, beets, coffee, rhubarb, soybeans and other foods, which can form hard deposits in your kidneys.
#4. Cut down salt intake – you've probably heard that consuming too much sodium is associated with elevation of the blood pressure. Furthermore, excessive salt may impair calcium reabsorption from the urine. As a result, it may contain too much calcium, increasing risks of kidney stones. It is recommended to consume no more than 2300 mg of salt. For people with history of kidney stones or hypertension this amount is even lower (1500 mg). Flavor dishes with herbs, instead of putting salt, and read labels on the foods, you buy. Be aware that some packaged products are full of sodium.
#5. Go easy on animal protein – studies show that eating high amount of animal protein like red meat, eggs, poultry and fish, can increase uric acid levels, leading to kidney stones formation. At the same time, excessive protein can diminish citrate - chemical, which normally prevents nephrolithiasis.
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