There is a long list of diseases, which can affect your mental health, changing your mood, activity and concentration.

Bipolar disorder and schizophrenia are the most common problems, which are often confused with each other.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

In bipolar disorder people experience strong alternations in the activity and mood. They feel inexplicably happy and dynamic during the manic episodes, when it seems that they can do everything in the world. This is usually accompanied by wired behavior, fast talking, jumping etc. But when this period is changed to depressive episode, it becomes difficult for person to concentrate and sleep. Nothing brings pleasure, people usually feel completely empty and tired without any reason. Some even try to kill themselves, as they don't see any sense in the life. These episodes come and go. Patients feel healthy between episodes, as usual.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

In severe cases bipolar disorder sufferers see things, which don't exist in reality (hallucination) and believe in something that isn't true (delusion). That's why this mental health disease may be mistaken with schizophrenia, which frequently causes these symptoms.

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Schizophrenia is a potentially disabling condition, in which individuals may perform unusual behavior, laugh inappropriately, lose interest in social life and activities. They become extremely sensitive to odors, tastes and sounds.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

Nobody can say exactly, what's the main reason for bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. Specialists say that these issues run in families, so genetic abnormalities probably play a major role.

It was also found that those, who are affected by these mental illnesses, are much more likely to have metabolic syndrome. It includes abdominal obesity, increased blood pressure, insulin resistance and imbalance in cholesterol levels.

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Reduced sensitivity of the body cells to hormone insulin is associated with type 2 diabetes. This results in extremely high blood sugar levels, heart problems and vessels damage.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

How can schizophrenia and bipolar disorder contribute to this health problem?

It's maybe about errors in connections between hypothalamus, pituitary gland and adrenal glands that leads to hormonal disturbance.

In addition to this, both mental abnormalities and metabolic syndrome are associated with low-grade chronic inflammation.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

Patients with bipolar disorder and schizophrenia often misuse alcohol, tobacco, are physically inactive and follow poor diet. These factors may result in obesity and insulin resistance.

Medical professionals usually prescribe several drugs to keep mental illnesses under the control. It was recognized that some of them, such as lithium, clozapine and valproic acid, may influence on the appetite and glucose metabolism, leading to obesity and metabolic syndrome.

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The BetterMe Team wants you and those close to you to live a healthy, happy life! Your health is a valuable thing; look after your body and your mind so that you can live your life to the fullest – Remember you only get one!

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