Have you ever heard that men can also get breast cancer? It sounds curiously, but that's true.
Although breast cancer is considered to be a female problem, nearly 2000 men in the US get this diagnosis each year. It means that approximately 1% of all breast malignancy cases occur in men.
In the majority of cases breast neoplasm appears in older men between their 60 and 70 years old. However, it may happen at any age.
You may ask: how can men experience this disease, if they don't have breasts?
In fact, both men and women are born with some amount of breast tissue. In puberty, splash of female reproductive hormones initiates breast growth in women.
Men don't have such a great level of estrogen, so their breasts don't develop, staying flat.
Sometimes those, who take certain medications or have hormonal imbalance, have really big mammary gland, like in women.
Genetic abnormalities play also important role in breast cancer occurrence. If a man has inherited mutation in the BRCA2 or BRCA1 genes, his risks of getting breast neoplasm are dramatically high.
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Breast cancer is not uncommon problem in men, who have Klinefelter syndrome – genetic condition, in which a person have additional X chromosome (XXY instead of normal XY).
It was also found that most men with this trouble have close relatives (brother or father) with the same cancer.
Being obese, having certain testicular conditions or liver dysfunction can also increase hazards of breast cancer in men.
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Unfortunately most breast malignancy cases in men are diagnosed on the advanced stage, when cancerous cells have already invaded into the neighbour organs or spread to distant areas. The reason is that men commonly don't even expect that they could have breast cancer at all.
As a result, they don't pay much attention on the new lump in the breast, which usually doesn't cause any discomfort.
Besides this, breast cancer can make man's breast swollen, red and rough. Sometimes patients notice nipple discharge or its retraction.
If cancer has already metastasized (spread) to the lymph nodes, you may feel new lump in the armpit or near the collarbone.
It's extremely important to examine new formations, which develop in the breasts. No matter, whether it occurs in a woman or in a man.
The BetterMe Team wants you and those close to you to live a healthy, happy life! Your health is a valuable thing; look after your body and your mind so that you can live your life to the fullest – Remember you only get one!
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