Diabetes is one of the most widespread conditions in the world.
Everything in this disorder is linked to hormone insulin, normally produced by your pancreas. This chemical helps convert sugar from food into the energy and deliver it from bloodstream into the body cells.
Sometimes your pancreas may be mistakenly attacked by your own immune system. This autoimmune destruction leads to insufficient production of insulin, called type 1 diabetes.
In type 2 diabetes there is enough insulin, but body cells become insensitive to it. As a result, cells don't get energy fuel, while blood sugar levels raise high.
Specialists say that slight insulin resistance is a natural process for pregnant, as their placenta creates special hormones to block insulin.
This mechanism maintains glucose levels in your blood flow mildly elevated , helping a baby get nutritive elements.
However in some cases pregnant women become too resistant to produced insulin. This condition is called gestational diabetes.
It's especially common problem among those, who had insulin insensitivity before conception. It was also found that having excessive weight, genetic predisposition or being older than 25 years old can also significantly increase your risks of having diabetes during pregnancy.
Though gestational diabetes usually causes no symptoms, it may lead to serious consequences, like preeclampsia (hypertension and abnormal elimination of protein through the urine), too low blood sugar in a baby and macrosomia (excessive growth of the offspring).
Women, who suffered from pregnancy-related-diabetes, have high chances of getting type 2 diabetes, after they give birth to a child.
Having too large baby may cause injury during delivery. It may be also an indication to caesarean section.
Children, whose mothers had gestational diabetes, are more likely to get neurosensory disabilities or insulin resistance later in life.
Unfortunately, scientists can't say exactly, why does gestational diabetes occurs. And there is no 100%-effective way to prevent this disorder.
But the good news is that we can decrease the risks, following healthy lifestyle.
Several researches show that diet and appropriate physical activity can efficiently reduce insulin resistance and keep blood sugar levels at optimal for pregnancy range.
It's really important to perform at least 30 minutes of moderate activity, like bike riding, swimming or walking, every day.
Be aware that vigorous exercises can put stress on your heart, as pregnant have higher blood amount in the body. That's why being engaged in moderate exercises might be a better idea.
According to investigations, diet and proper exercise program can lower weight gain and insulin resistance among pregnant women, cutting down number of caesarean sections.
Aim for healthy weight, balanced diet and regular physical activity to reduce your risks of gestational diabetes and its harmful consequences.
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