Human immunodeficiency virus affects approximately 40000 people in the US each year. Nowadays more than 1.1 million Americans live with this disorder.
HIV infection may be transmitted with blood, semen, breast milk and vaginal fluid. Once this virus has entered the body, it starts to propagate and destroy person's immune cells.
As a result, body loses ability to struggle against infection and other diseases.
The good news is that today we have wide variety of medications, which can suppress virus and improve HIV sufferer's immune response to numerous diseases.
Medical professionals say that if your viral load (common amount of immunodeficiency virus in the blood) is under 40 copies/ml, it's called “undetectable” HIV. It means that even high-sensitive tests can't detect virus in the blood. However, it's worth remembering that nobody can get rid of HIV at all.
Sometimes you may hear about “viral suppression”. This term indicates HIV levels that are lower than 200 copies/ml.
Why is all this information so important for those, who have HIV? The reason is that if you have “undetectable” infection, your chances of passing HIV to your partner are slim to none.
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Sounds too good to be true, but it is.
Three different studies, which involved both heterosexual and homosexual couples, in which one partner had undetectable HIV infection. It was found that none of HIV-negative partners were infected, even if they didn't use condoms or pre-exposure prophylaxis.
Specialists recommend that a person should take antiretroviral medication properly during at least six months, before it becomes possible to run into undetectable stage. After that health care specialist should monitor viral load every two to four months, doing blood tests.
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It's important that only blood test can define, whether or not your HIV is well-suppressed. Some patients feel really good, though they have a lot of virus in the organism.
Not all people, who live with HIV, can easily reach undetectable viral content. If it's about your case, don't panic or feel depressed. You really need to continue taking your medicines as prescribed and visiting your doctor regularly. It's completely possible that you'll achieve low viral load a bit later than six months.
Don't forget that ART therapy stops spreading of HIV, but it doesn't affect transmission of other sexually transmitted disease, as well as it doesn't protect from unwanted pregnancy.
Once you've got at undetectable range of viral load, it's essential that you should continue consuming antiretroviral medications, in order to maintain HIV suppression and avoid virus transmission.
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