What is stroke?

You probably know that it's a serious problem, which affects person's brain and may cause permanent or temporary disability.

Stroke happens, when a part of the brain doesn't get oxygenated blood as needed. Lack of blood supply leads to dysfunction and dying of the brain cells.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

Depending on the size of the affected artery and damaged brain area, stroke may result in loss of sensitivity anywhere in the body, cognitive problems and even to death.

Statistics shows that every 40 seconds one person experiences stroke anywhere in the world.

Actually there are two main mechanisms that can contribute to this dangerous disorder.

Ischemic stroke is a consequence of atherosclerosis – accumulation of fatty plaques inside the vessels. With time, plaques grow large enough to block artery lumen and stop the blood flow to certain part of the brain.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

Hemorrhagic stroke is caused by the rupture or leakage of the vessel, which normally carries blood to the brain. This may occur because of anatomic features (arteriovenous malformations), unmanaged hypertension or blood thinners overuse.

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Specialists warn that it's really important to recognize stroke as soon as possible. For every one minute stroke sufferer loses nearly 1.9 million brain cells (neurons), if not treated effectively.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

Acting fast can save a life to person, who has this trouble. Remember these warning signs of stroke and seek for medical help promptly, if noticed them in yourself or in beloved one:

#1. Severe headache – it's not about your premenstrual symptoms. Sudden unbearable headache, which isn't similar with all your headaches in the past, may indicate stroke occurrence. Vomiting and lightheadedness often accompany this health issue.

#2. Numbness – abrupt weakness and loss of sensations in the limbs or face is one of the most common stroke symptoms. In most cases, people experience numbness on one side of their bodies.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

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#3. Difficulty speaking and understanding – if you've suspected that someone has stroke, ask him or her to repeat simple words. Slurred speech or troubles understanding familiar words and sentences mean that a person requires immediate medical help.

#4. Fainting – loss of consciousness may be caused by wide variety of factors. And stroke is one of them.

#5. Lack of coordination – loss of balance, dizziness and poor coordination are the signs of stroke, particularly if they started suddenly.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

#6. Abrupt vision problems – people with stroke sometimes complain of difficulty seeing in one or two eyes, even if they didn't have poor sight before.

#7. Changes in behavior – it may become extremely hard for anyone with stroke to control emotions and actions. If you've noticed unusual behavior in your beloved person, it's worth seeking for professional help without delay.

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The BetterMe Team wants you and those close to you to live a healthy, happy life! Your health is a valuable thing; look after your body and your mind so that you can live your life to the fullest – Remember you only get one!

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