Maybe you've noticed that it's often difficult for older adults to keep in the mind some information and to react quickly.
But in some cases cognitive decline and forgetfulness become so severe that can interfere with daily activities like eating or making the bed.
Neurological condition, which causes progressive memory loss, is called Alzheimer's disease.
This disorder was found to be the most widespread kind of dementia, which affects nearly 5 million Americans.
Alzheimer's disease is considered as age-related problem, as it usually appears in people after 65 years old.
It's not about sudden memory lapses, when you forget your phone number or neighbor's name. In Alzheimer's disease gradual impairment in memory and thinking makes it extremely hard to remember familiar places, faces of the relatives or important events. With time, person loses ability to understand speech, perform sequential tasks and make decisions.
Numerous studies were conducted to find out, what really occurs in the brain of Alzheimer's sufferer.
It was found that this disorder destroys special cells (neurons), which normally process and deliver information inside the brain. As a result, connection between different part of the brain become disrupted, causing a lot of unpleasant and even fatal consequences.
In addition to this, scientists found accumulations of abnormal proteins inside the brain in those, who have Alzheimer's disease. One of them, beta-amyloid, is situated between neurons and breaks down cell connection.
Tau is another abnormal substance, which build up inside the brain cells, forming tangles and blocking transportation in the neuron's system.
Atherosclerosis may be also a significant risk factor. It is collection of fat inside the vessels that may lead to their blockage and disruption of the blood flow. This results in oxygen deprivation and brain cells dying.
So, who is more likely to get Alzheimer's dementia? Here are the factors, which can boost your risks of getting this issue:
#1. Age – after your 65 the likelihood of having this neurodegenerative disorder doubles each five years.
#2. Heredity – your genes determine everything in your body. Thus, genetic mutation is responsible for developing early-onset Alzheimer's, which is a rare variant of disorder, started between 30s and 60s years old. For those, who experience Alzheimer’s disease after 60s, there is only one genetic factor, called apolipoprotein E4. Having this gene is associated with higher risks of this type of dementia.
#3. Head injury – serious head trauma has a close link with increased risks of Alzheimer's disorder.
#4. Gender – ladies, we have some bad news. Statistics shows that women are more likely to be affected with Alzheimer's disease than men.
#5. Down syndrome – it's not uncommon for individuals with Down syndrome to have Alzheimer's disease in the earlier age (in 30s or 40s), but exact cause of this correlation is still unknown.
#6. Heart problems – your heart pumps blood, carrying oxygen to all organs and tissues. Your brain gets about 20-25% of all blood. But if you have heart or vessels problems, like hypertension, cardiovascular disease or stroke, you chances of getting vascular dementia are dramatically high.
#7. Lifestyle – being obese, smoking, following unhealthy diet and sitting too much can elevate your risks of both heart disease, diabetes, stroke and dementia.
The BetterMe Team wants you and those close to you to live a healthy, happy life! Your health is a valuable thing; look after your body and your mind so that you can live your life to the fullest – Remember you only get one!
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