We all know that menopause is a natural process, which marks the end of woman's reproductive age.
It occurs, when levels of sex hormones estrogen and progesterone become too low to promote ovulation and menstruation. You reach menopause officially, when your periods are absent during twelve months.
But in reality, hormones don't drop down in one moment. Their amounts decline bit by bit during several years before menopause eventually occurs.
This period of gradual hormonal changes is called perimenopause. This means that it develops “near” menopause.
Duration of perimenopause may vary greatly from woman to woman. Most of us experience it during three or four years. But it’s completely possible that your hormonal alterations will last a few months or ten years.
Estrogen and progesterone play a great role not only in fertility and regulation of menstrual cycle, but also in wide variety of other body processes, like bone density, skin appearance, heart functioning etc.
That's why you may suffer from hot flashes, night sweats, mood swings, sleeplessness and vaginal dryness, when you're close to menopause.
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In perimenopause your periods become irregular and you may experience worst PMS symptoms in your life.
Symptoms may be really annoying, making you refrain from daily activities. But we have good news: you have ability to relieve perimenopause-related symptoms. Here are the best ways to cope with them:
#1. Stay active – regular physical activity can help prevent insomnia and improve your mood. Performing exercises at least 30 minutes a day is also a good way to maintain healthy weight and prevent heart disease.
#2. Reduce stress – meditation, yoga, deep breathing and other stress-decreasing techniques can really promote relaxation and help you cope with mood swings.
#3. Improve your diet – following healthy diet is a perfect option for everybody. But it's especially important, when your reproductive hormones decrease, making you prone to osteoporosis and cardiovascular issues. Fill your menu with low-fat, fiber-rich foods and don't forget to add calcium-full products.
#4. Ask about hormone therapy – speak with your healthcare specialist about hormonal pills, gels and patches, which can alleviate your hot flashes, night sweats and other uncomfortable symptoms.
#5. Try topical estrogen – if you suffer from vaginal dryness and pain during intercourses, vaginal rings, creams and tablets may be a real salvation for you.
#6. Use antidepressants – sometimes doctors recommend certain class of antidepressants (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors) to relieve hot flashes, particularly in women, who can't consume estrogen medicines for health reasons.
#7. Attempt alternative methods – many women in perimenopause look for alternative approaches to get rid of annoying symptoms. Several studies show that black cohosh, dehydroepiandrosterone supplements, phytoestrogens from soy, chickpeas and flaxseeds may be effective. However you’d better consult with medical professional before taking any supplements.
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The BetterMe Team wants you and those close to you to live a healthy, happy life! Your health is a valuable thing; look after your body and your mind so that you can live your life to the fullest – Remember you only get one!
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