If to speak about proteins, fats and carbohydrates, the first thing that causes discussion is the balance of these elements in a diet or what the necessary quantity of each of the three elements is to make your food healthy and useful.

It is well known that the human body is 19.6% protein, 14.7% fat, 1% carbohydrate and 4.9% mineral. The rest 59.8% is water. Maintaining the normal functioning of our body directly depends on the ratio of the most important nutrients, namely: in the daily diet, the presence of proteins, fats and carbohydrates in the proportion of 1: 3: 5 is necessary.

Unfortunately, most of us do not pay due attention to full and rational nutrition: someone overeats, someone is undernourished, and many even eat something that is necessary, on the go and in a hurry. In such a situation, it is almost impossible to control the amount of protein, fat and carbohydrates ingested with food.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

Proteins

Proteins are the main building material of our body, but in addition they are also the basis of hormones, enzymes and antibodies. Thus, without their participation, the processes of growth, reproduction, digestion and immune defense are impossible.

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Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

First of all, fat is a source of energy, therefore it is very important to regulate fat metabolism. The composition of fats includes saturated and unsaturated fatty acids, the former have a high melting point, are called refractory and are less easily absorbed by the body.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are the main source of energy, providing 58% of the needs of the human body. Vegetable contain carbohydrates in the form of mono-, di- and polysaccharides. It is very important that with insufficient intake of carbohydrates into the body, energy is formed from a stock of fats and even proteins.

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Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

This is the principle of gradual and safe weight loss

However, the surplus of carbohydrates leads to their degeneration into fats, to hyper production of cholesterol, the development of obesity, atherosclerosis and provokes the onset of diabetes.

So, it turns out that for normal well-being, vivacity and positive mood, our body needs not only a sufficient and optimal amount of calories, but also the correct ratio of essential nutrients, which can easily be achieved by a good diet.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

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