In movies, a person with heart attack faints, clutching the chest. But in reality, it may look not so dramatic and obvious.
Heart attack, medically called myocardial infarction, occurs, when coronary arteries that normally carry blood to the heart muscle, become blocked.
In the majority of cases, arteries are clogged by cholesterol (fatty) plaques, which grow during a long period of time.
Another possible cause is a spasm of one or more coronary arteries that leads to reduced blood flow to the myocardium. This problem is common in those, who use tobacco or illicit drugs regularly.
People with diabetes, obesity and high blood pressure are more likely to experience heart attack, caused by fatty plaques. Genetic predisposition and lifestyle factors play also a great role in developing this trouble.
Symptoms of heart attack vary from person to person, being especially different in women.
Myocardial infarction is a life-threatening condition, which requires immediate medical care. Remember that time may save a life.
That's why it's extremely important to recognize early signs of this emergency as soon as possible:
#1. Pressure in the arm or neck – sudden tightness, pain and discomfort may occur not only in the chest, but also in the arm, neck, upper back or jaw. These symptoms don't change, when a person moves or touches the skin on the painful area, and usually last more than several minutes.
#2. Nausea and vomiting – feeling sick doesn't necessary mean that you have heart attack. But it may be really one of the first signs of this serious condition.
#3. Breathlessness – shortness of breath is one of the most frequent symptoms, which may come alone or together with chest pain.
#4. Cold sweats – no,it's not the same with menopause-related night sweats, which are commonly accompanied by hot flashes and skin redness. In heart attack, patients experience cold profuse sweats that come together with other warning symptoms.
#5. Heartburn – acid reflux is rather widespread disorder, which causes burning and aching in the chest at night, when lying down. People often ignore these symptoms, thinking that it will pass.
#6. Lightheadedness – heart attack may become apparent in severe dizziness and even loss of consciousness, particularly in women.
#7. Extreme fatigue – everyone feels extremely tired from time to time. But be aware that general feeling unwell and exhausted without any reason may indicate serious problems in your heart.
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