Trichomoniasis is one of the most common (and most curable) sexually transmitted infection in the world.
According to statistic data, about 3.7 million American adults live with this disorder. And more than 70% have no symptoms at all.
The main culprit of illness (microscopic protozoan parasite, called Trichomonas vaginalis) can spread from one person to another during unprotected sexual intercourse. It usually affects vagina, cervix and urethra in women and only urethra in men. So, you can't get it, when kissing, hugging or drinking from one cup with infected person.
It was found that this disorder is more likely to occur in older adults, black women and those with many sexual partners.
Even though trichomoniasis stays symptomless in the majority of cases, some infected women complain of itching and burning in the private part, painful urination and intercourses, appearance of unusual white, yellow or green frothy vaginal discharge with strong fishy odor.
In men, trichomoniasis may cause unpleasant sensations inside the penis, uncomfortable ejaculation and urination, unusual discharge from the penis.
Symptoms commonly become apparent within 5 to 28 days after getting infection.
If left untreated, trich may really boost your risks of HIV infection and other sexually transmitted diseases, particularly in women, as a result of inflammation, suppressed immune response and imbalance in vaginal microflora.
It's especially important to get rid of trichomoniasis for pregnant women, as this infection is associated with preterm birth, low birth weight, premature burst of membrane and transmitting infection to the newborn.
However we have good news: it's really easy to get rid of infection, even if you're waiting for a baby.
Trichomoniasis is treated by swallowing single high dose of metronidazole or tinidazole – medicines that kill parasites effectively. They are completely safe for pregnant women.
After taking these pills, you should avoid drinking alcohol within 24 hours, if you got metronidazole and for 72 hours, if took tinidazole. The reason is that alcohol may interact with these medications, causing nausea and vomiting.
It's also extremely important to stay off sexual activity until infection is totally cured.
At the same time, your partner needs to get treatment too, even if he or she doesn't have any symptoms. This will help prevent reinfection and possible dangerous complications.
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