Your feet are the most important part of the body, and they require special attention. Non-compliance with simple rules can lead you to foot pain. In this case, you may experience pain in any part of the foot, from toes to ankles. The foot pain can be so unpleasant that you will not be able to carry out your usual tasks.
Moreover, there are more difficult cases when a person may experience foot pain as a result of trauma or chronic illness. The human foot consists of 26 bones, which are interconnected in the joints. When the strength of the foot muscles is in balance with the load forces, then the foot has a normal and unobtrusive function.
However, due to the long-term wear of too narrow footwear, a large number of deformations on the feet may form. You can notice these deformities on the front area of the feet, and also these “affected” areas can be very sensitive.
If you experience less severe foot pain, then a little rest can help you get rid of it. However, if your pain is very severe, you may need a medical assistant. If not treated, some types of foot pain may result in irreversible damage or even long-term disability. That is why you should not delay your visit to a doctor.
What causes foot pain? Serious injuries, bruises and diseases are the most common causes of foot pain. Moreover, you may experience foot pain due to: Achilles tendinitis, bone spurs, broken bone, joint inflammation, unsuitable footwear, high heels, flat feet, osteoarthritis, fractures, tendinitis, Raynaud’s disease, psoriatic arthritis, Morton’s neuroma, uric acid crystals, tumors.
How can you treat foot pain? There are different types of foot pain, and accordingly, the treatment will also differ. Below you will find a list of common types of foot pain and how to treat them.
#1. Heel Pain
If you experience heel pain, then you may have plantar fasciitis; this is an inflammation of the tough tissue, which connects the toes and the heel bone. You probably have a severe foot pain in the morning.
What is the effective treatment for heel pain? You need to rest your legs, do foot muscle stretches, and wear shoes with a cushioned sole and arch support.
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#2. Heel Spurs
The main culprits of heel spurs are abnormal posture and walking in uncomfortable shoes. You may experience severe pain while walking, and sometimes even while standing.
What is the effective treatment for heel spurs? You need to rest your legs, wear heel pads and comfortable shoes, try physical therapy, and use pain relievers.
Inflammation of the ball of the foot can cause Metatarsalgia. Tight shoes, as well as jumping and running can lead you to this type of foot pain.
What is the effective treatment for Metatarsalgia? You need to rest your legs, put ice on a sore spot, use pain relievers and shoe inserts that relieve the pressure of the padded portion of your sole.
#4. Plantar Fasciitis
Plantar Fasciitis is an inflammation of the tough tissue, which connects the toes and the heel bone. You probably may experience a severe foot pain in the morning.
What is the effective treatment for plantar fasciitis? You need to rest your legs, put ice on a sore spot, do stretching exercises, and use pain relievers.
Goat is a form inflammatory arthritis, affecting the toes (when the crystals of uric acid collect in the joints, causing swelling and severe pain).
What is the effective treatment for gout? You need to rest your legs, put ice on a sore spot, and use prescribed medications (prednisone or colchicine).
Bunion is a bony bump that deforms the joint at the base of the big toe. You may face this type of foot pain because of wearing tight, poorly fitting shoes. In fact, bunion affects people as they age.
What is the effective treatment for bunion? You can try to wear shoe inserts or comfortable shoes to relieve this pain. However, doctors can offer a surgical intervention to remove bunion.
#7. Corns and Calluses
Corns and calluses are a thickened area of skin; they can appear as a result pressure, rubbing or friction on the skin.
What is the effective treatment for corns and calluses? You need to rest your legs, and also you need to soak your feet in warm water and rub the skin buildup with a pumice stone.
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