When you sneeze, cough and feel weak, it may be not so easy to tell exactly, whether it is a common cold or flu.
Both of these illnesses are caused by viruses and are highly contagious. You can catch them in the bus, supermarket and other public places.
When someone with infection coughs or talks, small virus-contained droplets can spread to your body through the mucous membranes. It’s also possible that these tiny particles stay on the surface of the things, and you may catch them, if take this thing and then touch your eyes, nose or mouth.
There are approximately 100 kinds of viruses, which can cause upper respiratory infection.
It’s difficult to distinct symptoms of the flu from cold manifestations.
Generally, it is considered that common cold is milder than the flu and is less likely to cause complications.
Cold becomes apparent in runny nose, sore throat and mild fever, which usually go away within seven to ten days.
Those, who experience flu, complain of muscle aches, extreme fatigue, severe headache and high fever. These unpleasant symptoms may last one to two weeks. It’s worth noticing that unlike common cold, in flu body temperature often raises higher than 100F.
Flu infection is known as seasonal trouble, which grows more powerful between the October and the March. Common cold, in turn, doesn’t have any correlation to the season. So if you feel ill in the summer, there are higher chances that you’ve caught a cold.
It seems like respiratory illnesses are completely benign and can’t result in serious problems. Unfortunately it’s not really true.
In severe cases, flu can contribute to such a dangerous conditions, as pneumonia, myocarditis, encephalitis and multi-organ failure. Risks of these complications are higher for young children, seniors, pregnant women and people with chronic health issues.
Specialists say that the only way to know exactly, whether your illness is caused by flu or by cold, is to consult with medical professional. Doctor can do rapid flu diagnostic test, which shows results within half an hour.
It’s impossible to provide 100% protection from cold and flu infection. But you can really reduce your risks by washing the hands often, avoiding contact with ill people and keeping your immune system healthy.
Every year scientists develop new vaccines to help you prevent influenza infection. When you receive a shot, your body starts to produce antibodies against viruses, providing protection to your organism.
Healthcare specialists recommend vaccination for everybody, who is older than six months. It’s especially important for people over 65 years old, pregnant women, small children and individuals with weakened immune system.
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