Your thyroid gland is a small but a really powerful organ, which rules numerous processes in the body.

It is located in the neck, wrapping around the windpipe. Thyroid gland produces hormones, known as thyroxine and triiodothyronine, releases them into the bloodstream in order to control your metabolism, body temperature, brain performance and heart functioning.

The brain normally decides, how much of thyroid hormone should be created. When levels of thyroid hormone drop down, hypothalamus in the brain stimulates a cascade of processes to normalize hormonal balance.

However sometimes this complicated mechanism may fail that leads to over- or underproduction of thyroid hormone.

If your body starts to generate too much of thyroxine and triiodothyronine, this condition is called hyperthyroidism. Lack of these hormones is known as hypothyroidism.

Hypothyroidism is a bit more common problem than hyperthyroidism.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

Actually specialists say that women are much more likely to experience thyroid problems than men.

Underactive thyroid may be a culprit of your extreme fatigue, depression, unintentional weight gain, constipation and heavy menstrual bleeding.

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At the same time, those who suffer from hyperthyroidism, often complain of causeless constant nervousness, heat intolerance, increased heart rate, irregular periods and weight loss without trying.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

In the majority of cases, thyroid disorders occur, when your immune system begins to struggle with your own thyroid cells. These autoimmune processes may contribute to either hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism.

Another problem is inflammation, caused by viruses or bacteria. Even though we often associate inflammation with pain, it may stay completely painless.

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Your body needs iodine to create sufficient amounts of thyroid hormones. So, if you don’t get enough of this chemical, thyroid problems may happen. Fortunately vast majority of Americans meet the body needs for iodine, adding iodized salt and eating dairy products, seaweed, shrimp, eggs and tuna.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

Cancer is a mysterious and dangerous disease that may affect any part of your body, including thyroid gland. Abnormal cells, developed in this organ, may trigger excessive or insufficient production of the hormones.

Sometimes thyroid surgery and radiation therapy, used to treat hyperthyroidism, may result in extremely low production of thyroid hormones.

Nowadays there is wide variety of medications and methods to cure thyroid disorders effectively. But more and more people are interested in natural treatments, which can help overcome their health issues.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

Here are the most popular alternative and complementary methods, used to fight off thyroid dysfunction:

#1. Mind-improved techniques – yoga and meditation are thought to enhance your mind and help overcome thyroid disorders in this way.

#2. Proper diet – high-sugar foods can increase inflammation in the body and delay metabolism of thyroid hormones. That’s why it might be better to eliminate sugar and processed foods from your diet, if you have certain thyroid problems.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

#3. Selenium – if your body contains too low amount of selenium, your risks of developing thyroid disease are really high. The good news is that you can fill the demand, eating tuna, Brazil nuts, turkey and beef.

#4. Vitamins – thyroid problems often lead to vitamin imbalance. So getting enough vitamin B1, B12, D etc. is really important for those, who are suspected to have unhealthy thyroid.

#5. Supplements – although there is no scientific evidence about efficiency of supplements in treating thyroid disorders, some people notice that probiotics and omega-3 fatty acids help them maintain well-being, even if there are some changes in their hormonal balance.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

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The BetterMe Team wants you and those close to you to live a healthy, happy life! Your health is a valuable thing; look after your body and your mind so that you can live your life to the fullest – Remember you only get one!

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Credit: BetterMe