Your body uses food, particularly high-carb products, to convert it into the blood glucose.
Like car can't move without fuel, so body cells can't work properly without glucose.
However using blood sugar for energy would be impossible without insulin. This hormone is produced by special beta cells in the pancreas.
Insulin helps to deliver glucose from the blood flow inside the cells, giving them energy to work properly.
When you eat, blood sugar levels rise, signaling pancreas to release certain amount of insulin.
If you've taken more glucose than required, your body stores this excess in the liver and muscles. This process normally prevents dangerous elevation of blood glucose levels.
But problems may occur that leads to insufficient production of insulin or reduced sensitivity to it.
This condition is known as diabetes. Those, who suffer from type 1 diabetes, make too few insulin to provide normal glucose use. Individuals with type 2 diabetes may produce insulin properly, but their body cells become resistant to this hormone and can't use it.
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It's extremely important for people with diabetes to keep the blood sugar levels under the control and take their medications according to doctor's prescription.
Forgetting about medicines, not following eating plan, being physically inactive, having stress or illness may contribute to elevation of blood glucose levels, medically called hyperglycemia.
This is not only diabetes-related problem. Sometimes hyperglycemia may be caused by certain diseases (bulimia) or medications (beta blockers, steroids).
Mild hyperglycemia may stay symptomless. Depending on the blood glucose levels and duration of hyperglycemia, this condition may become apparent in these signs and symptoms:
#1. Feeling thirsty
#2. Increased hunger
#3. Need to urinate more often, especially at night
#5. Unbearable fatigue
#7. Blurry vision
#8. Dry mouth
#9. Skin itchiness
#11. Troubles breathing
#12. Slowing of healing processes
#13. Rapid unexplained weight loss
#14. Abdominal pain and discomfort
It's really important to recognize and treat hyperglycemia, as it may result in emergency complications, such as ketoacidosis or hyperosmolar syndrome. If left untreated timely, these conditions may even lead to death.
Long-term complications, associated with elevated blood sugar, include nerve damage, cardiovascular disease, kidney failure, gum infection, bone and skin problems.
If you live with diabetes, be consistent in your eating plan to keep the balance in insulin functioning. Don't forget to monitor your blood sugar regularly and adjust your prescribed medications to the changes in physical activity.
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