Diabetes mellitus is a full name of chronic metabolic disorder, commonly known as diabetes.
In this chronic illness person’s body fails to produce enough insulin or to respond properly to it.
Insulin is a hormone, generated by the pancreas in order to convert carbs from foods into the blood glucose and to transport this source of energy inside the cells. Without glucose, body cells can’t perform their function as needed.
To date, one in every ten Americans live with diabetes. And this number tends to increase.
Type 1 diabetes usually appears in children and young adults. That’s why it is often called juvenile diabetes. It happens, if immune system thinks about pancreatic cells as about foreign agents, and starts to destroy them. As a result of this mistake, there are too few alive pancreatic cells to produce enough insulin.
People with this autoimmune process require insulin injections during the whole life, in order to compensate deficiency and survive.
However specialists say that in 90-95% of all diabetes cases people produce sufficient amount of insulin. But their cells become insensitive to it and can’t use it for glucose delivery. this condition is called type 2 diabetes.
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Risks for this type of disease grow up as you get older. Carrying extra weight, particularly on the belly, is also associated with higher chances of getting insulin resistance. It’s especially common problem in those, who follow high-calorie diet and sedentary lifestyle.
Some patients improve type 2 diabetes, changing diet, exercising and getting rid of unhealthy habits. The bad news is that with time this condition typically progresses, demanding medications (metformin, sulfonylureas etc.) or insulin therapy.
If not managed correctly, diabetes causes significant elevation in blood glucose levels. This results in nerve damage, cardiovascular disease, vision loss, erectile dysfunction and kidney failure. Diabetes ranks seventh in the most frequent death causes among Americans.
Sometimes body cells start to use fats for energy, leading to releasing of toxic chemicals called ketones. When they build up in the bloodstream, acidity of the blood becomes elevated. This is really serious condition that may result in coma and even death.
When your blood sugar raises high, you may suffer from unusual thirst and hunger, frequent urge to urinate, dizziness, nausea and extreme fatigue.
It’s very important to monitor blood glucose levels and get proper treatment. Remember that diabetes is dangerous but completely correctable disorder.
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