Varicose veins are a common problem that affects one in every four American adults.

Veins are vessels, which normally carry blood from the whole body to the heart. They contain valves to provide blood flow only in one, to-heart direction.

If veins become overstretched or valves fail to work properly, blood may leak backward and store in the veins, making them large and swollen.

In the majority of cases this occurs in the lower extremities, as it’s really difficult to pump blood against gravity.

It was found that women are much more likely to have varicose veins. The reason is probably about fluctuations in female reproductive hormones.

Pregnancy is also a risk factor for varicose veins, as it raises volume of blood in the body but impairs blood flow from the lower limbs to the pelvic area.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

Specialists say that older adults, obese individuals and those who have family history of varicose veins have higher chances of getting this disorder.

For many people dark purple, gnarled and twisted veins are only cosmetic problems. But sometimes these unattractive signs may be accompanied by pain, heaviness, itching and even bleeding.

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The good news is that nowadays there is high number of methods to help you treat varicose veins and relieve unpleasant symptoms.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

Compression stockings are the first recommendations, which most patients with varicose veins hear from their doctors. These stockings squeeze the legs, directing blood flow correctly and reducing symptoms in this way.

Medical professionals claim that following sedentary lifestyle can really boost your risks of getting varicose veins. The same problem develops, if you stand in one position for a long time. Get moving and change your position frequently to improve blood circulation and prevent accumulation of the blood within leg veins.

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Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

Make physical activity part of your daily routine. Walk in the park, try yoga, jogging and any other exercises to support good blood circulation in the limbs.

Excessive weight is your enemy. It raises your risks of heart disease and diabetes, puts pressure on the legs, increasing risks of varicose veins and arthritis. So shedding pounds may be No.1 goal for most of us.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

Try to avoid high heels and tight clothes, which can reduce normal blood flow. It was found that low-heeled shoes make your calf muscles to work more intensively, giving you healthier vessels.

If all these self-care tips appear ineffective, healthcare professional may advise you sclerotherapy, laser surgery, endoscopic vein surgery, high ligation or phlebectomy to treat varicose veins and avoid complications.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

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