It seems like teen-age with its acne is far behind but why do your skin is still full of red patches and reddish, pus-filled breakouts?

One of the possible reasons for this condition is skin disorder called rosacea.

It often affects people (particularly women) after their 30s.

If you've noticed persistent redness in the center of your face, swelling, visible net of blood vessels, pustules and red bumps without blackheads, it may be rosacea.

In rare and severe cases, it may become apparent in thickening of the skin, especially in the nose. As a result, nose become enlarged and bumpy. This is medically called rhinophyma, and this complication is more common in men.

Sometimes people get rosacea around the eyes that causes itching, blurry vision, dryness and redness.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

Even though this disorder usually affects facial skin, it may also appear on the chest, back, ears etc.

Don't think that rosacea can occur only in those who don't perform hygienic procedures properly.

In fact, nobody knows, what really causes rosacea. It is supposed that a combination of genetic and environmental factors contribute to these skin problems.

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Actually if you live with rosacea, you have a good company. Did you know that Bill Clinton and Diana, Princess of Wales have suffered from this disorder too?

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

This condition runs in families. Most of people who have rosacea, have at least one relative with the same problem in the family tree.

Medical experts say that there is high number of potential triggers for these unattractive disorder. Have you noticed that redness and bumps worsen after exposure to sunlight, eating spicy meal, drinking alcohol or exercising vigorously? Sometimes rosacea develops after stressful event or taking certain medications.

Some studies found that in most cases immune system of rosacea sufferers reacts to bacterium bacillus oleronius that leads to developing unpleasant symptoms.

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Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

In healthy people, certain amount of microscopic mite called demodex folliculorum live on the skin surface. Patients with rosacea have much more of these microorganisms. However the link between increased propagation of demodex and rosacea occurrence is still unproved.

Unfortunately there is no cure for this issue. But it's completely possible to reduce the symptoms and prevent flare-ups effectively, using these methods:

#1. Eliminate triggers – recognize what causes flare-ups and try to avoid these factors.

#2. Protect your skin outdoors – use sunscreen, with an SPF 30 or more, wear a hat and sunglasses, try to avoid being outdoors between 11a.m. and 4 p.m., when sun is the most aggressive. In cold weather, protect your skin with a scarf or ski mask.

#3. Be gentle with your skin – don't scrub your face too intensively. Use mild skin products and stay off potential irritants like alcohols.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

#4. Topical medicines – there is wide variety of products that can help you get rid of uncomfortable symptoms of rosacea. The most commonly-prescribed topical medicines are tretinoin, brimonidine, metronidazole and azelaic acid.

#5. Pills – oral antibiotics can help reduce inflammation and suppress bacterial growth. They are often used in the combination with topical medications. Doctors recommend taking doxycycline for moderate and severe cases of rosacea with breakouts. Other, less popular for treating rosacea, oral antibiotics include tetracycline, minocycline etc.

#6. Acne drug – isotretinoin is a powerful medicines, used to treat acne. But it was found to be effective in relieving rosacea symptoms too.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

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