Maybe there is no person who doesn't have any spots and moles on the body skin. But what are these different patches, which range in size, hue and shape?
In fact, your skin color depends mainly on the amount of melanin – the pigment, contained inside the skin cells.
In addition to this, your skin may have certain specific hue because of dietaru carotenoids that may deposit in the skin layers and give them slightly-yellow color. Reddish or bluish shades appear because of production of oxyhemoglobin and decreased levels of hemoglobin in the vessels of the dermis.
Finding new spots on the skin may be really stressful, as many of us associate any new patches with skin cancer, which is actually the most common form of malignancy in the US.
We have some good news for you: specialists say that most of new pigmentations are benign and don't cause any harm to your health. Although they may sometimes become a cosmetic or psychological problem.
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Be aware that it's possible (though not frequent) that new spots on the skin may indicate underlying health problems. So the best idea is to consult with dermatologist, if noticed any new formations on the skin.
Here we want to tell you about the most common dark spots on your skin and ways to get rid of them:
#1. Freckles – these multiple small light brown, reddish or tan spots often occur first in the childhood, particularly after exposure to sunlight. During the winter, freckles, medically called ephelides, become less visible. They don't require any treatment. If you feel uncomfortable because of freckles on your face, neck and chest, your doctor may recommend you topical medicines with hydroquinone, chemical peels or laser therapy.
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#2. Age spots – 1-3 cm-areas of hyperpigmentation, frequently called liver spots, age spots or solar lentigines, commonly appear on the face, upper extremities, chest and back after exposure to UV radiation, including sunlight. Their color may vary from barely-visible yellow to dark brown.
If you want to get rid of age spots, healthcare specialist may prescribe you bleaching creams or gels that contain hydroquinone and retinoids.
Another effective spots-reducing methods include cryosurgery, laser therapy, dermabrasion and chemical peels.
All of these procedures may have unpleasant side effects like pain, hypopigmentation, redness and itching.
#1. Melasma – this skin condition is nine times more likely to happen in women in their 20s-30s. Appearance of these irregular brown patches, which commonly affect the cheeks, forehead, chin and area under the nose, may be triggered by exposure to sun rays. It was found that melasma may manifest or become worse when your hormonal levels change during pregnancy, use of birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy. Sometimes melasma fade without any treatment, when a woman give a birth to baby or stops consuming hormonal medicines. However these spots may not go away, even when the trigger is switched off. In this case, your doctor may recommend you hydroquinone, tretinoin, topical corticosteroids, dermabrasion or laser treatment.
#2. Café-au-lait macules – asymptomatic spots that may vary in hue and have size from 1 to 20 cm, are usually present in a newborn or occur soon after a birth. According to statistics, about 10-30% of people have at least one café-au-lait macule. These patches don't require any treatment. If they arouse cosmetic concerns, laser therapy or surgical removal can help get rid of them effectively.
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The BetterMe Team wants you and those close to you to live a healthy, happy life! Your health is a valuable thing; look after your body and your mind so that you can live your life to the fullest – Remember you only get one!
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