From the childhood, we all are familiar with scratchiness and pain in the throat.
Sore throat is a sign of inflammation, which usually occurs as a result of allergy, viral or bacterial infection. Sometimes discomfort in the throat may be caused by gastroesophageal reflux, when acid moves up from the stomach and irritates mucosal membranes of esophagus and throat.
If uncomfortable sensations in the throat are related to infection, they may be accompanied by sneezing, runny nose, fever, fatigue and headache.
When medical professional examines your sore throat, he or she may find its redness, fluid-filled vesicles (in herpes and coxsackie virus) or pus on the tonsils, which appears in the presence of virus or bacteria.
If pain in your throat is caused by the virus, it commonly lasts about five to seven days and goes away without any treatment.
In some cases, mild over-the-counter painkillers or acetaminophen may be recommended to alleviate discomfort and reduce fever.
It’s extremely important to give the children medicines, designed for their age and weight.
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Remember that aspirin shouldn’t be used in treating children, as it may cause development of the Reye’s syndrome – dangerous condition characterized by liver failure and encephalopathy.
If sore throat is a symptom of bacterial infection, healthcare specialist may prescribe you antibiotics.
Unfortunately people often don’t take the full course of antibiotics and stop consuming medicines, when the symptoms are alleviated. This results in worsening infection and spreading it to another body areas.
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There is a lot of natural methods, used to alleviate sore throat at home. Here are the most helpful of them:
#1. Try gargling with salt water – put one teaspoon to a cup of warm water and stir this solution. Gargle it and then spit out. This can decrease swelling, soothe the throat and help to get rid of unwanted microbes.
#2. Use honey – eating honey is a perfect treating method for sweet tooth. This natural component may really help relieve sore throat and fight off infection. But remember that you shouldn’t give it to children who are younger than one year old, as in this age gut doesn’t contain healthy bacteria to kill botulism spores and other germs, often found in honey.
#3. Drink plenty of warm fluids – broth, herbal teas and warm water with lemon and honey can soothe sore throat, keep it moist and prevent dehydration, which is a common problem during illnesses.
#4. Suck on herbal lozenges – you can buy throat lozenges or make them at home, using licorice root, echinacea, sage and/or marshmallow root. Sucking them can soothe the throat and relieve pain. Don’t give lozenges to children under the age of four because there are high risks of choking.
#5. Use humidifier – cool and humidify the air in order to reduce irritation caused by too dry air.
#6. Try herbal remedies – different sprays, teas and lozenges are commonly used to ease sore throat symptoms. The most popular of these alternative medicines are slippery elm, marshmallow root, licorice root and sage. Consult with medical expert before taking any herbal remedies, as they can interact with medications you take and can be dangerous for children, pregnant women and individuals with certain health issues.
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