Have you ever thought that there are too few hours in a day? We hasten, trying to make a lot in these 24 hours. That's why we often stay up the whole night, neglecting sleep and spending time at work, studying or having fun.
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But in reality, consequences of poor sleep may be much greater than we think.
While occasional sleep disturbance is nothing to worry about, long-lasting sleep deprivation can lead to serious health problems.
During sleep, your body restores itself, produces new cells and balances hormonal levels. Specialists say the organism needs nearly seven to nine hours to perform these processes properly.
We all are familiar with moodiness, irritability, drowsiness and forgetfulness, which follow the sleep-loss night. But what happens in your body, when you don't get enough sleep for a long time? Here are the most common conditions, associated with sleep deprivation:
#1. Hypertension – if you live with hypertension, even one sleepless night may elevate your blood pressure for the whole day. Studies have linked inadequate sleep to higher risks for cardiovascular disease in women.
#2. Obesity – when you don't sleep enough, your body releases stress hormone cortisol, which can really boost your appetite. In addition to this, levels of ghrelin (appetite-increasing hormone) become elevated too, while amount of leptin (satiety hormone) drop down. The problem is also that this hormonal imbalance results in cravings for sweets and fatty foods.
#3. Low libido – for men, lack of sleep may decrease testosterone levels. Lack of energy, nervousness and general weakness, associated with sleep deprivation may also reduce your interest in sexual activities.
#4. Diabetes – your body produces hormone insulin to convert glucose from foods into energy and to send it into the cells. In those, who sleep less than six hours a day, body cells become resistant to insulin and can't use it as needed. As a result, blood sugar levels stay elevated, increasing risks for type 2 diabetes.
#5. Weak immune response – body's protective mechanisms fail, if you don't give them time to restore cells during the night. So if your night sleep is insufficient, you're much more likely to become ill.
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#6. High mortality rate – all adverse effects of sleep deprivation work together to decrease the life expectancy. Three large studies found that sleeping less than five hours at night increases death risk from different causes by nearly 15 percent.
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The BetterMe Team wants you and those close to you to live a healthy, happy life! Your health is a valuable thing; look after your body and your mind so that you can live your life to the fullest – Remember you only get one!
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