Many problems may occur, if your body loses control under the processes, occurred inside it.
For example if cells become deathless and tend to grow, divide and spread out of body's control, you may develop cancer.
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This may happen in any organ and tissue. It's not uncommon for cancer to affect woman's reproductive tract, including the birth canal (cervix), which connects uterus to the vagina.
Cervix consists of two areas, one of which is located near the womb and contains glandular cells, while another sits close to the vagina and is covered by squamous cells.
In the majority of cases, malignant cells appear in so-called transformation zone, where these two parts of the cervix meet each other.
Cervical cancer was found to have a close link with human papillomavirus infection. Actually HPV is a large group of viruses, some of which can increase risks of getting cancer.
This infection may spread from one person to another during skin contact, including intercourses.
The good news is that cervical cancer is one of the most preventable malignancies.
Here is what you can do to lower your chances of getting cervical neoplasm:
#1. Protect your sex – try to avoid risky intercourses and limit number of partners. Use barrier methods (condoms, diaphragms) to reduce your risks of HPV infection.
#2. Get vaccination – nowadays we have several HPV vaccines, approved by the FDA. They can effectively prevent infection with cancer-associated types of papillomavirus for six to eight years. However vaccines don't protect those, who are already infected.
#3. Quit smoking – women who live with HPV infection and smoke, have much higher risks for getting cervical neoplasm than infected non-smokers. There is a correlation between daily number of cigarettes, duration of smoking history and chances of developing cervical cancer.
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#4. Test yourself – regular screenings can help you find precancerous changes and treat them before they turn into malignancy. The most common diagnostic methods are Pap smear and HPV test, which can be done during pelvic examination. Specialists have different views about the age, screenings should be started and their frequency. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, every woman from the age of 21 needs Pap test performed every 3 years. Women after their 30 are recommended to get HPV and Pap tests once in five years, if their results are completely normal.
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