Like car needs fuel to move, your body needs energy to function properly.
Your blood normally contains certain amount of glucose, which enters your body cells and nourishes them.
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Glucose is converted from high-carb foods like rice, cereals, fruits and vegetables. When you eat any of these products, your pancreas produces insulin to convert carbohydrates into the blood sugar.
If levels of your blood glucose drop down, your brain may suffer from energy deprivation, and your hormonal balance may be disturbed. This may result in really dangerous consequences and even to death.
Hypoglycemia commonly occurs in people, who live with diabetes, if they take too much sugar-regulating medications, skip meals or exercise too hard.
Blood glucose may dramatically decrease in those, who don't have diabetes, though it's not so common.
It was found that certain medicines like quinine and salicylates (in high doses), can trigger drop of blood sugar levels.
Alcohol misuse can significantly damage the liver, which is known for its ability to store glucose and release it when necessary.
In rare cases, abnormal cells may form a tumor in the pancreas and secrete excessive amount of insulin.
Many of diabetes sufferers can recognize early symptoms of hypoglycemia and treat it by themselves, eating a lump of sugar or glucose tablet.
However sometimes people can't feel changes in their blood sugar levels. If it's about you, remember that it's extremely important to monitor your blood glucose measures regularly, i order to prevent serious complications.
So, what are the most common signs of hypoglycemia?
#1. Shaky hands and trembling
#2. Extreme fatigue that appears suddenly
#5. Feeling dizzy or lightheaded
#7. Nervousness and irritability without any reason
#8. Heart palpitations and irregular heart beats
#9. Hazy vision even if you haven't had vision problems earlier
#10. Poor coordination
#11. Skin paleness
#12. Loss of consciousness and seizures (in severe cases)
Once you've noticed first symptoms of hypoglycemia, take 15 g of fast-acting carbs like fruit juice or candy. Remember that high amounts of fat and protein in the product slow down absorption and delay acting time of the sugar.
In advanced cases, injection of glucagon or intravenous infusion of glucose may be the only effective treatment for hypoglycemia.
If you consume insulin or other diabetes medications, don't forget to control your blood glucose levels and regulate doses, depending on your physical activity and day schedule. Normalize your eating plan and take food regularly.
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It's worth talking with your family members, friends and colleagues about your disorder and explaining them what to do, if you have hypoglycemia.
Keep simple carbs (glucose tablet, a piece of sugar) handy to treat dropping blood sugar before it reaches severe stage.
READ MORE: The foods, which cause hunger
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