Dandruff is a skin condition, which causes white flakes to fall down on your shoulders. These are especially visible, if you wear dark clothes. Dandruff may be responsible for your itchy scalp and skin irritation.

Your skin normally sheds dead cells continuously to give way for new cells. Sometimes these processes may occur too fast that leads to dandruff.

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Although nobody knows exact reason for this embarrassing condition, there is a theory, which connects dandruff with hormonal fluctuations.

Seborrheic dermatitis was recognized as one of the major culprits of scaly scalp skin and annoying itching. This disorder has a close link with increased amount of fungus, which normally lives near the hair follicles. When it becomes overactive, it may irritate your skin and cause dandruff.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

Having yeast infection, dry skin, autoimmune issues like psoriasis and eczema can also boost your risks of getting dandruff. Not taking enough B vitamins and zinc from the diet, as well as experiencing stress play a great role in dandruff-problem too.

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Actually white flakes may appear not only on the scalp, but also on the eyebrows, behind the ears, on the beard and on other body areas, where hair follicles are situated.

Dandruff may come and go, becoming a chronic condition. But it's possible to control it with appropriate treatment.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

First of all, try to shampoo your hair more often. This may help remove flakes, get rid of excessive oils and prevent accumulation of the dead skin cells. Massage your scalp and rinse it well when shampooing.

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If this simple tip appears ineffective, it's time to use special anti-dandruff shampoo that contain ketoconazole, selenium, zinc pyrithione, coal tar or tea tree oil. Some of them should be applied once or twice a week, while other are recommended for daily use.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

Read instructions attentively to get the best result. Some shampoos require several minutes to act, so they shouldn't be rinsed too quickly.

In severe cases over-the-counter remedies may fail to help. If your dandruff isn't improved within two weeks, or if it becomes even worse, contact with medical specialist. He or she may prescribe you cortisone shampoos or steroid lotion to reduce inflammation and alleviate symptoms.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

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These medications require attentive medical guidance, as their long-term use may make your skin extremely thin and cause other serious side effects.

How can you prevent dandruff? The best way is to practice proper skin and hair hygiene, reduce stress levels and improve your diet.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

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