Birth control pills are commonly thought to have only one function: pregnancy prevention.

In reality, hormonal pills are often used to relieve menstrual cramps, treat severe acne and regulate menstrual cycle.

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Oral contraceptives are pills, which contain certain amounts of female reproductive hormones. One kind of pills involves only progestin (synthetic analogue of natural hormone progesterone), while others include both estrogen and progesterone.

Birth control pills should be taken every day, at the same daytime. A package commonly contains 21 active pills, followed by 7 “empty” pills. It means that you'll have menses during these seven days, when you take hormone-free tablets.

Used correctly, hormonal contraceptives prevent ovulation. If there is no egg, released by your ovaries, so there isn't anything for sperm to fertilize.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

In addition to this, cervix begins to produce more thick mucus, making it difficult for sperm to enter the womb.

Doctors say that birth control pills are 93 to 97% effective, as women frequently forget to take their daily pill or don't start new pack timely.

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Moreover, researches show that consuming oral contraceptives may slightly reduce risks of getting ovarian and endometrial cancers.

But are these pills completely safe for all of us?

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

In short, no. Like all medications, hormonal contraceptives can cause unpleasant side effects and even contribute to serious complications.

Women, who stay on birth control pills, often complain of headaches, nausea, breast tenderness, lack of sex drive and weight gain, which is actually fluid retention.

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It's also possible that you'll have vaginal spotting between periods and abdominal bloating.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

Unfortunately these are not the only problems.

Studies found that hormone-contained contraceptives can elevate your blood pressure and boost risks for heart disease, especially if you smoke.

Another potential danger is about blood clots. Specialists say that hormones in birth control pills can speed up clots formation, increasing chances of getting deep vein thrombosis, stroke and heart attack.

Therefore, medical professionals recommend against oral contraceptives for women with family history of these potentially life-threatening conditions.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

While birth control pills were found to lower risks for ovarian and endometrial neoplasms, these medicines were found to increase risks of developing breast cancer. Chances are even higher, if a woman started taking them at the teens age.

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We all are different. And what works perfectly for one woman, may cause discomfort and health problems for another one.

If you've decided to begin with birth control pills, speak with your doctor about the best medicines for you, depending on your age, chronic illnesses, individual and family history.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

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