Anemia is a special condition characterized by a decrease in the number of red blood cells and hemoglobin in the blood. The causes of anemia can be most often bleeding, a deficiency of vitamins B9, B12, iron, increased hemolysis, bone marrow aplasia.
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Based on this, it can be noted that anemia is mainly observed in women with heavy menstruation, in women who adhere to strict diets, as well as in people with chronic diseases, such as cancer, hemorrhoids, stomach and duodenal ulcer and so on.
The main symptoms of anemia are rapid fatigue, general weakness, increased drowsiness; decreased mental activity, difficulty concentrating; headache, dizziness; noise in ears; shortness of breath with little physical activity; attacks of tachycardia, as well as pains in the heart, similar to angina pectoris; presence of functional systolic noise; pale skin, visible mucous membranes, nail beds; loss of appetite, decreased sexual desire; the desire to eat chalk; halos; irritability.
Effective treatment of anemia in most cases is impossible without accurate diagnosis and determining the cause of anemia. In general, the treatment of anemia includes the following items:
#1. Additional intake of vitamins and trace elements.
#2. Treatment of individual forms of therapy, depending on the type and pathogenesis.
#3. Diet. It should be rich in B vitamins, especially folic acid and B12, iron and protein. A person should eat more red meat, liver, fish, butter, cream, beets, carrots, tomatoes, potatoes, zucchini, green vegetables (salads, parsley, dill, spinach and other greens), pistachios, hazelnuts, walnuts, lentils, beans, peas, cereals, yeast, corn, sea kale, pomegranate, quince, apricot, grapes, apples, bananas, oranges, cherries, sweet cherries, honey, fruit freshly squeezed juices, mineral iron sulphate-hydrocarbonate magnesium waters.
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#4. Treatment of diseases and pathological conditions, because of which anemia has developed.
The main substances involved in the formation of erythrocytes and hemoglobin are iron, vitamin B12 (cobalamins) and vitamin B9 (folic acid). Lack of these substances is the cause of most types of anemia, so treatment is mainly aimed at replenishing the body with these vitamins and iron.
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