Your body cells use sugar from foods you eat (especially from high-carb products like bread and pasta) to turn it into energy. After the meal, glucose moves quickly to your bloodstream.
After that, the pancreas releases special hormone called insulin to carry glucose from the blood inside the cells. If there is too much glucose in your blood, insulin helps to store it in the liver and muscles in order to use these stocks later.
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These processes allow your cells to get enough energy for their functioning and to lower glucose levels in the blood.
Sometimes glucose-insulin cycle could be impaired. This commonly occurs, when body cells lose sensitivity to insulin. Therefore, the hormone can't enter the cells and give energy to them. Resistance to insulin is closely related to type 2 diabetes.
Another problem is that person's immune system may begin to attack own pancreatic cells, which normally produce insulin. This condition is known as type 1 diabetes.
As a result of these issues, glucose stays circulating in the blood, while body cells don't get enough energy.
If left untreated, elevation of blood sugar may damage nerves, vessels, kidneys and eyes.
People, who live with high blood glucose, often suffer from skin and gums infection that are really hard to treat.
Ongoing increase of the blood glucose may result in extremely dangerous conditions like coma and serious dehydration.
Hyperglycemia (medical term for high blood sugar) commonly occurs, when a person with diabetes doesn't get appropriate dose of oral medication or insulin, doesn't stick to diabetes menu or is physically inactive. Being ill/injured or taking steroid medications were found to play a role in developing hyperglycemia too.
In rare cases, blood glucose may raise up even if you don't have diabetes. Medical specialists say that this may happen in patients with pancreatic cancer, Cushing's syndrome, or in those, who consume steroid hormones, oral contraceptives or beta blockers for a long time.
Blood glucose levels are usually measured within a few minutes by taking a sample of your finger blood and testing it with glucometer.
But how can you understand that your blood sugar is high, if you don't have handheld glucometer or laboratory near your house?
Check up these symptoms of hyperglycemia:
#2. Urge to urinate too frequently, particularly at night time
#3. Hazy vision, which appears suddenly
#5. Severe tiredness without any reason
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#6. Sleepiness and weakness
#8. Losing weight despite tremendous appetite
#9. Unusually dry and itchy skin
The BetterMe Team wants you and those close to you to live a healthy, happy life! Your health is a valuable thing; look after your body and your mind so that you can live your life to the fullest – Remember you only get one!
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