Your blood is a unique fluid, which contains different kinds of cells to deliver oxygen, fight off infection and cope with bleeding.

Red blood cells travel all over the body, carrying oxygen to different tissues and organs. They perform their function owing to hemoglobin – substance that is made up of protein and iron.

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If your body fails to produce sufficient amount of red blood cells, or if these cells are ruined too intensively, you may experience condition called anemia.

People, who have anemia, usually complain of extreme fatigue, irregular heartbeats, dizziness, breathlessness, headache and chest pain. They are unusually pale and have cold hands even in the warm environment.

There is high number of reasons for developing anemia, from poor diet to genetic mutations. However in the majority of cases, the problem is about lack of iron and vitamins.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

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Your body uses iron, folate and vitamin B12 to create healthy red blood cells. If you don't take enough nutritive elements, your body may cut down production of these blood components, or generate abnormal cells.

Medical professionals say that it's completely possible to prevent many cases of anemia, following balanced diet.

We commonly get iron and vitamin B12 from meat, poultry, eggs and fish. That's why strict vegetarians and vegans have much higher chances for being anemic than those, who consume animal-base products.

Actually there are two types of iron. Heme iron, found in meat, is the most easily-absorbed form of this microelement.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

Non-heme iron is contained in plant foods and fortified products. Human body finds it a bit more difficult to absorb this type of iron, compared with heme iron.

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Daily requirements for iron are individual, depending on the sex, age and health conditions.

Women in childbearing age need more of this element, as they lose blood during menstruation.

It is recommended for pregnant women and those, who plan to conceive, to take folic acid supplements to avoid complications like premature birth.

Liver, milk, red meat, poultry, dairy and fish are the best sources not only of iron, but also of vitamin B12 and folate.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

But if you prefer staying off animal foods, it doesn't mean that you will suffer from iron and vitamin deficiency during the whole life.

Eating more leafy greens, beans, soy milk, nuts and fortified foods like pasta, orange juice and cereals will help you meet your daily needs.

We have some good news for sweet tooth. Dark chocolate is a tasty source of iron, so having a bite can help you prevent anemia without causing harm for the shape.

Vitamin C was found to improve iron absorption and enhance immune response. So it's worth taking more broccoli, strawberries and oranges to keep nutritional balance in your body.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

If you find it hard to get enough iron and vitamin, eating balanced diet, over-the-counter supplements may be a good option for you. Your doctor may recommend you appropriate pills, depending on the state of your health.

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However for individuals, who can't absorb nutritional elements because of digestive issues like celiac disease or autoimmune gastritis, injectional medications may be the only way to fill requirements for essential substances.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

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The BetterMe Team wants you and those close to you to live a healthy, happy life! Your health is a valuable thing; look after your body and your mind so that you can live your life to the fullest – Remember you only get one!

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