Your blood contains numerous cells, which help struggle against infection, form clots during bleeding and transport oxygen to the tissues.
Red blood cells are responsible for supplying body cells, including muscles and brain tissue, with oxygen. They perform this function owing to iron-contained protein called hemoglobin.
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Like other blood elements, red blood cells are created in the spongy substance in the large bones called bone marrow.
Your body uses iron and vitamins from foods you eat to develop red blood cells and hemoglobin.
Significant blood loss, insufficient generation of red blood cells or too fast destruction of these cells can cause anemia.
In most cases, this health issue occurs because of iron and vitamin deficiency, which develop as a result of poor diet, heavy bleeding or inability to absorb iron from foods.
Sometimes autoimmune processes, infection and certain medications may cause your body to reduce production of red blood cells (aplastic anemia), although this happens rarely.
Occasionally person's body may start to destroy red blood cells too fast. Actually healthy red blood cells stay alive during 100 to 120 days. This may happen due to genetic mutations or after transfusing incompatible blood.
Mild anemia often stays symptomless for a long time, especially if it has progressed slowly. This gives ability for body to adjust to changes in oxygen supply.
Anemic people are usually pale or yellowish (if the reason is about excessive destruction of red blood cells). Another common symptoms include:
#1. Extreme fatigue which doesn't get improved after rest
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#4. Feeling dizzy and lightheaded
#5. Being cold even in warm room
#6. General weakness
#7. Chest pain which worsens during physical activity
#8. Racing heart and irregular heartbeats
Anemia is not a disease, but it is a symptom of certain health issue. Therefore, treatment usually depends on the underlying health disorder.
If the main problem is about lack of iron or vitamin B12, supplements or shots can help you enhance this condition quickly.
Sometimes anemia indicates chronic diseases like cancer or kidney dysfunction. In this situation, treating the root issue is the only way to get rid of anemia.
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For rare types of anemia, medical specialists recommend chemotherapy medicines , blood-filtering procedures or transplantation of the bone marrow.
Although it's impossible to prevent all anemias, you can reduce your risks, eating balanced, vitamin-rich diet.
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