Cancer is one of the most frightening diagnosis, people hear from their doctors.

According to the American Cancer Society's data, nearly one-third of American people get cancer in the course of their lives.

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Cancer is not actually one disease. This term describes hundreds of health issues, which occur, when cells start to grow out of the body's control and form tumor.

In healthy organism, each cell has its own specific life cycle, growing, functionings and dying off with accordance to genetically determined rules. When one cell gets destroyed, the new one takes its place.

DNA mutations may disrupt these processes, so that cells don't die off when they should and continue to divide out of the body's control. With time, abnormal cells may form a tumor.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

If tumor grows gradually and don't invade nearby organs, it is called benign tumor.

Malignant overgrowths have ability to spread not only to neighbour tissues, but also to travel through the blood flow or lymphatic system to farthest body areas. Doctors call this process metastasis.

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When this happens, it becomes very hard to treat cancer.

Malignant neoplasms may appear anywhere in the human body (even in the blood). Cancer is usually named for the tissue in which it initially happens.

So, if cancer first appears in the breast and then spreads to the lungs, it is still called breast cancer.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

Cancer-associated DNA changes may be inherited or happen after the birth because of exposure to certain environmental factors.

The most common of these factors include exposure to radiation, carcinogenic chemicals and viruses (like human papilloma virus or human immunodeficiency virus).

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Lifestyle choices play a great role too. Medical experts say that being obese, smoking, misusing alcohol and following high-fat diet may significantly increase risks for developing malignancy.

Aging is another risk factor for cancer. Nine of ten causes of malignancy are found in people over the age of 50.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

You can't catch cancer, when speaking or living with anyone who has it.

Unfortunately, it's impossible to predict and prevent this serious health issue. The only thing you can do is to lower your risks.

Limit red meats, processed foods and alcohol intake. Quit smoking and add more veggies, fruits and whole grains to your ration. Stay off risky relations and try to avoid excessive exposure to radiation, including sunlight.

Getting vaccination against HPV infection and hepatitis is another good option.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

Unfortunately cancer is often detected on the late stages, when it becomes very difficult to treat it effectively.

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That's why it's so important to pay attention to all signals, your body sends when something goes wrong in it. Screenings are also very helpful in early detection of cancer.

Depending on the type of cancer, its location, stage and overall health, medical professionals use chemotherapy, radiation treatment or surgery to cure the condition, ease the symptoms and to extend person's life.

Credit: Freepik

Credit: Freepik

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The BetterMe Team wants you and those close to you to live a healthy, happy life! Your health is a valuable thing; look after your body and your mind so that you can live your life to the fullest – Remember you only get one!

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