Normally, you can’t diagnose diabetes by yourself. It is one of those diseases which, by the time it presents symptoms, it’s already done quite a lot of damage throughout your body. It is also commonly misdiagnosed and, left untreated, it can even kill.
However, there are a few signs you can keep an eye out for. Seek professional help as soon as you notice any of them, even if it turns out to be just a false alarm.
#1. Unquenchable thirst and frequent urination
If you drink a lot of water, but your mouth stays dry (or feels dry), and you eliminate a lot of urine, it is very likely because of diabetes. You are thirsty because, when blood sugar levels stay high for a long time, as it is the case with diabetes, the kidneys try to filter the glucose out of the blood. During this process, they also eliminate a lot of water from the body. Hence, you will feel thirsty all the time, no matter how much water you drink. In some cases, you can even poison yourself if you drink too much water in a very short period of time.
#2. Extreme hunger
Eating for at least two, but without any extra weight showing up on the scales, and living in a continuous state of extreme hunger is another almost certain sign of diabetes. One of the main functions of insulin is to make the cell wall more permeable, so nutrients from the blood stream can enter the cells and satisfy the energy needs of each cell. If there is not enough insulin, or if insulin resistance is present, the cells will not receive enough nutrients and will starve. Therefore, the brain will not turn off the hunger signal.
#3. Rapid and significant weight loss
When the body starts losing glucose through urine because it is not able to process the glucose, it needs to compensate for it with an alternative source, because the brain cells can only eat glucose. Because of that, the body starts breaking down the fat deposits (this is how ketones appear – they give the breath a sweet tang), and the person starts losing weight. The weight loss is also accentuated by the loss of liquid from the tissues.
#4. Blurred vision and constant fatigue
Liquid is extracted from all tissues in the body, including your eyes, so the geometry of the eye lens changes and blurred vision appears as the result. Also, because the cells in the body do not get the proper nutrition, you are bound to feel a constant state of fatigue. Do not let these symptoms persist. Consult a doctor as soon as possible.
#5. Numbness in the extremities
Left untreated for longer, an elevated blood sugar level can start wreaking havoc on the nerve endings, starting with the extremities. If you start noticing persistent numbness in your toes, feet or legs, it is high time to seek medical help. Make sure the doctor administers a blood glucose test as part of the consult.
The BetterMe Team wants you and those close to you to live a healthy, happy life! Your health is a valuable thing; look after your body and your mind so that you can live your life to the fullest – Remember you only get one!
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